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Body Cavities & Memb

Body Cavities and Membranes

QuestionAnswer
Pericardial Membranes Parietal pericardium, visceral pericardium, pericardial cavity
(Skeleton) Axial head, neck, and trunk
(Skeleton) Appendicular upper and lower limbs
Body Cavities Spaces within the body that contain internal organs
Two principal body cavities dorsal and ventral cavity
Dorsal Body Cavity located near the posterior/dorsal (back) surface of the body
What is the dorsal body cavity composed of? composed of cranial cavity(contains the brain), vertebral/spinal canal (contains the spinal cord and surrounded by sections of the backbone)
Ventral Body Cavity located on the anterior/ventral (belly) side of the body; contains the organs called viscera
Two subdivisions of the ventral body cavity thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity, separated by the diaphragm
The Thoracic Cavity pleural cavities, pericardial cavity, the mediastinum
Pleural cavities right and left: contain the lungs
Pericardial cavity around the heart
The Mediastinum region between the lungs, includes the heart, esophagus, trachea and thymus gland
Abodominopelvic cavity abdominal and pelvic cavity
Upper Abdominal Cavity contains the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder and the small and large intestines
Lower Pelvic Cavity enclosed by the pelvic bones, terminal end of the large intestines, urinary bladder, and internal reproductive organs
Oral Cavity teeth and tongue
Nasal Cavity sphenoidal and frontal sinuses
Orbital Cavities eyes
Middle Ear Cavities middle ear bones
Serous Membranes thin, double layered membranes; lines the walls of cavities and folds back to cover the organs; secretes a lubricating fluid called serous fluid
Parietal Membranes line cavities
Visceral Membranes cover organs
Pleural Membranes deals with the lungs
Pericardial Membranes deals with the heart
Peritoneal Membranes deals with the abdominopelvic cavity
Pleural Membranes Parietal pleura, visceral pleura, pleural cavity
Peritoneal Membranes Parietal peritoneum, visceral peritoneum, peritoneal cavity
Parietal pleura line the walls of the right and left thoracic cavities (lungs)
Visceral pleura membranes that cover the lungs
Pleural cavity located between the parietal and visceral pleural membranes
Parietal pericardium lines the pericardial cavity (heart)
Visceral pericardium (epicardium) covers the heart surface
Pericardial cavity located between the parietal and visceral pericardial membranes
Parietal peritoneum lines the abdominal wall
Visceral peritoneum covers each organ
Peritoneal cavity the space between these membranes
Created by: lizzyliz714