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History of Anatomy

Important people and stuff

Hunters and gatherers Evidence of knowing where to shoot to kill
Egyptians First to formally study anatomy; examined the heart, lungs, liver, and GI system and thought brain was unimportant; Established as one of the oldest basic medical sciences; Descriptions of anatomy were found on papyruses from 3000-2500BC
Hippocrates Greek from 460-377 BC; Father of medicine; Founder of the science of anatomy; came up with Hypocratic oath; wrote many books on anatomy
Hypocratic oath to do no harm
Aristotle Greek from 382-322 BC; Performed animal dissections; First to use the word “anatome”
“anatome” Greek for “cutting up or taking apart”
Galen (2nd Century Greek); Physiologist (Function of organs); Began Comparative anatomy
Comparative anatomy Comparing anatomical structure of animals to that of humans
Physiologist studies the Function of organs
15th Century Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci One of the first to correctly draw the human skeleton and other anatomical illustrations; Provided “records”
Middle ages and early Renaissance Versalius; Hieronymus Fabricius; Anatomy became an objective discipline based on direct observations
Versalius Wrote De Humani Corporis Fabrica (1543 AD)“Structure of the human body” “study of the human body”;
Hieronymus Fabricius First to have anatomical theaters for public dissections (1537-1619)
17th Century William Harvey; Human dissection became important in European medical schools; Anatomical museums established in many cities; Famous artists attended dissections for drawings – Rembrandt & Michelangelo
William Harvey William “Heart” Harvey; discovered circulation
18th and 19th Centuries William Hunter; Many atlases and illustrations published that depicted human bodies; Shortage of cadavers led to illegal means of obtaining specimens
William Hunter introduced modern day embalming techniques
19th Century British Parliament passed Anatomy Act in 1832 to provide adequate supply of corpses for medical dissection; Gray's Anatomy; People began donating their bodies to science in order to get free treatment; No longer held public dissections
Gray’s Anatomy A single volume of Anatomy (1858 AD)
20th Century Medical museums established; Better supplementary resources; Decline in donation of bodies to science
Supplementary resources in Anatomy Prosections (a section where everything else has been removed), color images, photos, models
21st Century diseases limit the availability of cadavers(Mad cow disease (Jakob Creutzfeldt disease (CJD))); 1980s – HIV and AIDS; Current ethical debates; Computer images to look at 3D images of the human body
Current ethical debates Gunther von hagans – “Body world” public displays
illegal means of obtaining specimens Grave robbers, Body snatchers, Murders, Bodies of executed criminals, Corpses donated by relatives in exchange for medical care
Created by: alechsu