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Body Planes & DT

body planes, directional terms & subdivisions of anatomy

QuestionAnswer
Coronal plane “Frontal Section" cut lengthwise dividing the body into anterior and posterior parts (front and back) Also called frontal plane Coronal sounds like crown,
Sagittal Plane Parasagittal Cut lengthwise “longitudinally” dividing the body into right and left parts Cut not down the exact center
Midsagittal section "Median" Cut directly down the middle, with two equal sides kidney’s separated by equidistance” would be midsagittal
Transverse Plane “Cross section” Cut dividing the body into superior and inferior parts (top and bottom) Must be parallel to floor
Oblique plane A cross section at an angle *It is understood we are on a transverse plane but in test questions she is curious about the body*
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Ventral Tummy side
Dorsal Backside
Superior Top
Inferior Bottom
Cranial (Cephalad) Towards Head "cephalic" means head and is substituted for cranial
Caudal Towards tail
Lateral Towards side
Medial Towards middle
Proximal Closer to the trunk
Distal Further out to the extremity
Deep Away from the surface
Superficial Towards the surface
Gross anatomy Study of structures visible to the naked eye (no aid of microscopes)
Regional anatomy Study of the structures in a region of the body
Systemic Anatomy All of the organs with related functions are studied together
Surface anatomy Study of internal body structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface (what you can see on the surface
Microscopic anatomy Study of structures too small to be seen without using a microscope
Histology Study of tissues (Foundational to biology and medicine)
Pathology Study of disease in tissues (Branch of medicine)
Clinical anatomy Study of structure and function as they relate to the practice of medicine and other health sciences
Developmental anatomy Study of structural changes in the body throughout the life span (From birth, adolescence, adulthood and on and the changes that occur)
Embryology Study of the development of an embryo
Kinesiology Study of human movement; Comes for the greek word “kinesis” which means movement; Application of science based medical principles to the analysis of movement (Anatomy, Physiology, Biomechanics, Motor learning)
Body Cavities provide protection to organs within them, Large & Closed hollowed structure; Organized according to embryological development and lining membranes
Dorsal Cavity no membranes; Cranial Cavity; Spinal Cavity; Protects brain and spinal cord
Cranial cavity Space inside skull (contains brain)
Spinal cavity contains spinal cord (protected by vertebrae)
Ventral Body Cavity (tummy side) larger than dorsal cavity, have membrane lining entire cavity; thoracic cavity; abdominopelvic Cavity, Mediastinum,
Thoracic Cavity contains heart, lungs, Separated from lower cavity by diaphragm
Mediastinum protects lungs and separates left from right
Abdominopelvic Cavity abdominal contains stomach, liver, intestines; Pelvic contains bladder, rectum, and reproductive organs; No physical structure to divide into divisions but is divided in an angle
Created by: alechsu