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Anatomy + Physiology

Introduction to Anatomy

Anatomy the study of structure, their forms and organization
Physiology the study of body functions, what they do and how they do it
Structure-function relationship The structure often determines the function it performs
Hand Arrangement of bones and muscles in the hand with long jointed fingers make grasping possible
Heart the valves keep blood moving in the right direction
Mouth the shape of the mouth enables it to receive food
superior means a part is above another part or closer to the head, the elbow is superior to the hand
inferior means a part is below another part or closer to the feet, the foot is inferior to the knee
anterior means towards the front, in front of; the sternum is anterior to the spinal cord
posterior means towards the back, behind; the heart is posterior to the sternum
medial toward or at the midline of the body, on the inner side of; the heart is medial to the lungs
lateral away from the midline of the body, towards the side; the ears are lateral to the nose
ipsilateral pertains to the same side of the body, the left arm is ispilateral the left leg
contralateral refers to the opposite side, the right arm is contralateral to the left leg
proximal describes a part that is closer to the trunk of the body, the elbow is proximal to the hand
distal means a particular body part is farther from the trunk, the elbow is distal to the shoulder
superficial situated near the surface, the ribs are superficial to the lungs
peripheral means outwards or near the surface, the eyelid is peripheral to the eye
deep describes parts that are more internal, the heart is deep to the skin
planes imaginary flat surfaces that pass through the human body
sagittal refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left sides
median divides the body into equal parts
parasagittal divides the body into unequal parts
transverse refers to a cut that divides the body into upper and lower portions
coronal refers to a section that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
Created by: lizzyliz714