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Intro to Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
What is Gross Anatomy? science of macroscopic anatomy; studying large body structures without the use of a microscope
What is Anatomy? the study of the form or structure of body parts and how these parts relate to one another
What is Physiology? the study of the functions of the body parts
What is Surface Anatomy? the study of morphology and markings of the human body
What is Regional Anatomy? the study of the specific regions of the body such as the head and extremities
What is Systematic Anatomy? the study of specific systems in the body such as skeletal and and digestive
What is Microscopic Anatomy? the study of body tissues using a microscope
Cytology study of the cells in the body
Histology study of the tissues in the body
Radio-graphic Anatomy study of the structure of the body that involves using x-rays
Embryology study of the development of the fertilized egg through the 8th week utero
Pathological Anatomy study of diseased body structured
Cell Physiology study of cell function
Pathophysiology study of disease functions and processes
Immunology study of the functions of the immune system
Neurophysiology study of the functions of the nervous system
Cardiovascular study of the functions of the heart and blood vessels
atoms building blocks of matter
elements units composed of identical atoms
molecules various types and numbers of elements bonded together (water and protein)
organelles functional units of cells composed in various molecules
cells structural and functional units of an organism
tissues group of cells with similar structure and function
organ structure composed of two or more tissue types
organ systems collection of organs that work towards a common purpose
organism functional collection of many organ systems
Moment: Muscular system contraction propelling the whole organism or substances through the body via smooth muscles
Responsiveness/irritability ability of the organism to adapt to changes in the environment
Digestion break down of food, both chemically and physically, into simple nutrients that the body can use
Metabolism all of the chemical reactions/activities of an organism
Anabolic Reactions are synthesis reactions that typically use energy
Catabolic Reactions reactions associated with breaking down substances for the release of energy
Excretion removing harmful waste products from the organism (elimination, excretion, and the breathing process are examples)
Reproduction at the organismal level it is the production of offspring to ensure survival of the species
Growth increase in cell number and size attributing to increase in overall size of the organism
Homeostasis ability of the body to maintain equilibrium internally despite a continually changing world externally
Created by: hhender2