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A&P - Chap 1

control center determines range at which variable is to be maintained
receptor monitors the environment and responds to stimuli
effector provides a means for a response
afferent pathway receptor --> control center
efferent pathway control center --> effector
negative feedback mechanism goal is to prevent sudden severe changes within body
positive feedback mechanism response that enhances the original stimulus
anatomical position standing erect feet slightly apart palms forward thumbs pointing upward
nasal nose
oral mouth
cervical neck
acromial point of shoulder
axillary armpit
mammary breast
brachial arm
antecubital front of elbow
abdominal abdomen
antebrachial forearm
carpal wrist
palmar palm
pollex thumb
digital fingers/toes
pubic genitals
patellar front of knee
crural leg
taral ankle
cephalic head
frontal forehead
orbital eye
buccal cheek
mental chin
sternal breastbone
thoracic chest
umbilical navel
coxal hip
femoral thigh
peroneal (fibular) side of leg
hallux big toe
occipital back of head
vertebral spinal column
scapular shoulder blades
dorsum/dorsal back
olecranal back of elbow
lumbar back, kidney area
sacral tailbone
gluteal buttocl
perineal between anus and genitals
popliteal back of knee
sural calf
calcaneal heel
plantar sole
dorsal body cavity cranial cavity vertebral cavity
ventral body cavity thoracic cavity abdominopelvic cavity
thoracic cavity lateral pleural cavities superior mediastinum pericardial cavity
abdominopelvic cavity abdominal cavity pelvic cavity
upper left and right abdominal regions left and right hypochondriac regions
lower left and right abdominal regions left and right iliac regions
center abdominal region umbilical region
middle left and right abdominal regions left and right lumbar regions
Created by: ngrable