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HHS Body Structure

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

endoscopic Visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
Laparoscopy visual examination of the organs of the pelvis and abdomen through very small incisions in the abdominal wall
thoracoscopy examination of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs
complete blood count (CBC) Common blood test
Urinalysis (UA) Common urine screening test
computed tomography (CT) Imaging technique achieved by rotating an x-ray emitted around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles
doppler ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood-flow velocity and direction through the cardiac chambers, valves, and peripheral vessels by reflecting sound waves off moving blood cells
fluoroscopy Radiographic technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays continuous motion images of internal structures
magnetic resonance imaging noninvasive imaging technique that uses radiowaves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images
positron emission tomography scanning technique using computed tomography to record the positrons emitted from a radiopharmaceutical, that produces a cross-sectional image of metabolic activity in body tissues to determine the presence of disease
radiography imaging technique that uses x-rays passed through the body or area and captured on a film, also called x-ray
ultrasonography (US) Imaging procedure using high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) that display the reflected "echoes" on a monitor, also called ultrasound, sonography, echo, and echography
Biopsy (bx) Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis
ablation removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency (RF)
anastomosis surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
Cauterize Destroy Tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
curettage Scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette
incision and drainage (I&D) Incision made to allow the free flow of withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity
Laser Surgery Surgical removal of tissue in an extensive area surrounding the surgical site in an attempt to excise all tissue that may be malignant and decrease the chance of recurrence
resection partial excision of a bone, organ, or other structure
adhesion abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated
dehiscence bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound
febrile feverish, pertaining to a fever
homeostasis relative constancy or balance in the internal environment of the body, maintained by processes of feedback and adjustment in response to external or internal changes
Inflammation Body defense against injury, infection, or allergy that is marked by redness, swelling, heat, pain and, sometimes, loss of function
morbid diseased, pertaining to a disease
radiology medical specialty concerned with the use of electromagnetic radiation, ultrasound, and imaging techniques for diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury
sepsis pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream
suppurative Producing or associated with generation of pus