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Chpt. 1 pt. 1Anatomy

Chpt. 1 pt. 1 Anatomy

Anatomy study of the structure of an organism (what is it?)
Physiology A specialized discipline within the field of biology. The study of the function of the living organism, its parts, and the chemical processes involved. (How it works.)
Sagittal splits the body into left and right halves
Frontal/Coronal Splits the body into front and back halves
Transverse Splits the body into top and bottom halves
Anterior toward the front opposite: posterior
Posterior toward the back opposite: anterior
Ventral away from the backbone opposite: dorsal
Dorsal toward the backbone opposite: ventral
Central Pertaining to or situated at the center opposite: peripheral
Peripheral away from the center opposite: central
Superficial Toward the surface opposite: deep
Deep away from the surface opposite: superficial
External Toward the outer surface opposite: internal
Internal Toward the inner surface opposite: external
Medial Toward the axis or midline opposite: lateral
Lateral Away from the axis or midline opposite: medial
Proximal Toward the body opposite: distal
Distal Away from the midline opposite: proximal
Superior Upper, above opposite: inferior
Inferior Lower, below opposite: superior
Irritable able to be affected or stimulated by a change in environment
Metabolism use food and oxygen to build and repair and to create heat and energy
How we are put together cells-tissues-organs-systems
How many cells are in our bodies 100 trillion (some are there for life like the nervous system while others die and are relaced like skin and others live only about 4 months like blood.)
Cytology the study of cells
protoplasm fluid that makes up a cell
Nucleus Chromatin- Contains DNA Nucleolus- Contains Ribosomes
Why is protein important helps keep the cells healthy
cytoplasm (fluid) 10-85% H2O 20% protein substance
Centrosome for cell division structure in cytoplasm
Mitochondrian provides energy or ATP structure in cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus Stores secretary substances structure in cytoplasm
Lipids Energy storage structure in cytoplasm
Vacuoles Membrane-bound sacs within the cytoplasm of a cell structure in cytoplasm
Glycogen Particles primary energy source during activity structure in cytoplasm
Crystalline Inclusion Bodies structure in cytoplasm
Lysosomes Digestive organs of the cell structure in cytoplasm
Inert Substances structure in cytoplasm
Parts of the cell cilia, Lysosome, centrioles, microtubules, golgi apparatus, smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Mitochondrion, Rough ER, Cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleolus, chromatin, ribosomes, nuclear membrane
Created by: swimsalot3



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