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Chapter 18 med term

basic terminology for chapt 18

Aden/o Gland
Adenectomy Removal of a gland
Adren/o Adrenal/o adrenal gland
Adrenopathy Disease of the Adrenal gland
Adrenalectomy Removal of an adrenal gland
Gonad/o sex glands (ovaries and testes)
Gonadotropin to act on (stimulate) the sex glands
Hypogonadism condition of deficient sex glands
Pancreat/o pancreas
Pancreatectomy removal of the pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
Parathyroidectomy removal of the parathyroid gland
Hypopituitarism condition of deficient pituitary glands
thyr/o thyroid/o thyroid gland
thyrotropic hormone pertaining to stimulating the thyroid gland
thyroiditis inflammation of the thyroid gland
Andr/o male
Androgen a substance that males produce
calc/o calci/o calcium
hypercalcemia excessive calcium in the blood
hypocalcemia deficient calcium in the blood
hypercalciuria excessive calcium in the urine
Cortic/o cortex, outer region
corticosteroid resembling the outer solid structure
crin/o secrete
endocrinologist specialist of the endocrine (secrete within) system
dips/o thirst
polydipsia much thirst
estr/o female
estrogenic pertaining to a substance that a female produces
gluc/o sugar
glucagon assemble sugar
glyc/o sugar
hyperglycemia condition of excesive sugar in the blood
glycemic pertaining to sugar in the blood
glycogen substance that produces sugar
home/o sameness
homeostasis to control sameness
hormone/o hormone
hormonal pertaining to hormone
kal/i potassium
hypokalemia deficient potassium in the blood
lact/o milk
prolactin a substance before milk
myx/o mucus
myxedema mucus like material accumulates under the skin, swelling of mucus
Natr/o sodium
hyponatremia deficient sodium in the blood
phys/o growing
hypophysectomy removal of a defiant growing
somat/o body
somatotropin to act on the body
ster/o solid structure
steroid resembling a solid structure
toc/o childbirth
oxytocin rapid childbirth
toxic/o poison
thryrotoxicosis pertaining to poison of the thyroid gland
ur/o urine
antidiuretic hormone pertaining to against urine
agon assemble, gather together
glucagon assemble sugar
emia blood condition
in, ine a substance
epinephrine a substance above the kidney
tropin stimulating the function of
Adrenocorticotropin stimulating the outer region of the adrenal gland
uria urine condition
glycosuria sugar in the urine
eu good, normal
euthyroid normal thyroid
hyper excessive
hyperkalemia excessive potassium in the blood
hypo deficient
hypoinsulinism deficient secretion of insulin
oxy rapid, sharp, acid
oxytocin rapid childbirth
pan all
panhypopituitarism condition of deficiency in all the pituitary glands
tetra four
tetraiodothyronine a substance of 4 iodine and thyroid
tri three
triiodthyronine a substance of 3 iodine and thyroid
iod/o iodine
Created by: 100000222622257