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Essential Terms

Human Anatomy

Superior Toward the head. (Example: The forehead is superior to the nose)
Inferior Away from the head (Example: The navel is inferior to the breastbone)
Anterior Toward or at the front of the body (Example: The breastbone is anterior to the spine)
Posterior Toward or at the backside of the body (Example: the heart is posterior to the breastbone)
Medial Toward the middle of the body (Example: The heart is medial to the arm)
Lateral Away from the middle of the body (Example: The arms are lateral to the chest)
Intermediate Between a more medial and more lateral structure (Example: The armpit is intermediate between the breastbone and the shoulder)
Proximal Close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk (Example: The elbow is proximal to the wrist)
Distal Farther from the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk (Example: The knee is distal to the thigh)
Superficial Toward or at the body surface (The skin is superficial to the skeleton)
Deep Away from the body surface; More internal (Example: The lungs are deep to the rib cage)
Abdominal Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Acromial Point of shoulder
Antecubital Anterior surface of elbow
Axillary Armpit
Brachial Arm
Buccal Cheek are
Carpal Wrist
Cervical Neck Region
Coxal Hip
Crural Leg
Digital Fingers, toes
Fermoral Thigh
Fibular Lateral part of leg
Inguinal Area where thigh meets body trunk; Groin
Nasal Nose Area
Oral Mouth
Orbital Eye area
Patellar Anterior knew
Pelvic Area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
Pubic Genital region
Sternal Breastbone area
Tarsal Ankle Region
Thoracic Chest
Umbilical Navel
Cephalic Head
Deltoid Curve of shoulder formed by large muscle
Glutel Buttock
Lumbar Area of back between ribs and hips
Occipital Posterior surface of head
Popliteal Posterior knee area
Sacral Area between hips
Scapular Shoulder blade region
Sural The posterior surface of lower leg; the calf
Vertebral Area of Spine
Created by: saxplayer2011



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