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8

Chapter 8 Matching

QuestionAnswer
An immovable joint Synarthrosis
A slightly movable joint Amphiarthrosis
A freely movable joint Diarthrosis
A joint formed by fusion of two bones Synostosis
Decreasing the angle between bones Flexion
A movement towards the midline of the body Adduction
Extending a body past the anatomical position Hyperextension
The movement of a body part forward in a horizontal plane Protraction
A movement away from the midline of the body Abduction
Elbow joint Hinge joint
Shoulder joint Ball-and-socket joint
Carpometacarpal joint Saddle joint
Radioulnar joint Pivot joint
Metacarpophalangeal joint Condyloid joint
Provides support to the front of the knee joint Patellar ligament
Reinforces the back of the knee joint Popliteal ligament
Reinforces the lateral surface of the knee joint Fibular collateral ligament
Limits the anterior-posterior movement of the femur Cruciate ligaments
Nonaxial Gliding
Uniaxial One plane
Biaxial Two planes
Multiaxial Three planes
Diarthrosis Synovial joint
Symphysis Cartilaginous joint
Syndesmosis Fibrous joint
Coracohumeral ligament Shoulder joint
Iliofemoral ligament Hip joint
Cruciate ligaments Knee joint
Annular ligament Elbow joint
Radiocarpal joint Ellipsoidal joint
Intervertebral joint Gliding joint
Multiaxial joint Ball-and-socket joint
Uniaxial joint Pivot joint
Abnormal fusion of bones in a joint as the result of disease or damage Ankylosis
General term for pain ands stiffness that affects the skeletal or muscular system Rheumatism
Joint inflammation caused by the deposit of urate salts in soft joint tissues Gouty arthritis
A degenerative condition most common in the elderly Osteoarthritis
Acromion of scapula and clavicle Synovial, plane
Scapula and humerus Synovial, ball-and-socket
Ulna and radius with humerus Synovial, hinge
Radius and ulna Synovial, pivot
Radius and proximal carpals Synovial, condyloid
Prevents hyperextension of the knee Extracapsular ligaments
Prevents lateral or medial rotation when the knee is extended Fibular and tibial collateral ligaments
Prevents forward sliding of the tibia and checks hyperextension of the knee. Anterior cruciate ligaments
Prevents backward displacement of the tibia or forward sliding of the femur Posterior cruciate ligaments
Temporomandibular joint Elevation-depression
Radioulnar joint Pronation-supination
Coxal joint Circumduction of thigh
Ankle joint Dorsiflexion-plantar flexion
Humeroscapular joint articulations Head of humerus, glenoid fossa of scapula
Coxal joint articulations Head of femur, acetabulum of os coxae
Knee joint articulations Tibiofemoral, femoropatellar
Ankle joint articulations Tibia-talus, fibula-talus
Temporomandibular joint articulations Condyle of mandible, mandibular fossa of temporal bone
Painful overstretching of a tendon or muscle without serious tissue damage Strain
Torn ligament or tendon, sometimes with damage to a meniscus or other cartilage Sprain
Inflammation of a joint capsule, often as a complication of a sprain Synovitis
Displacement of a bone from its normal position at a joint, usually accompanied by a sprain of the adjoining connective tissues Dislocation
Smooth, slippery hyaline cartilage Articular cartilage
Composed of the fibrous and synovial layers Articular capsule
Secreted into joint and contains large amounts of hyaluronic acid Synovial fluid
Can be intrinsic or extrinsic Reinforcing ligaments
Movement permitted by the elbow joint Flexion
Pointing toes downward Plantar flexion
Turning the sole of the foot medially. Inversion
Movement permitted by the atlantoaxial joint Rotation
Often caused by forceful inversion of the talocrural joint Sprained ankle
The head of the humerus is out of the glenoid cavity Dislocation
Often results when the acromial end of clavicle slips under the acromion process Separation
Proximal radioulnar joint Pivot joint
Glenohumeral joint Ball and socket joint
Interphalangeal joint Hinge joint
Metatarsophalangeal joint Condyloid joint
Opening your mouth Depression
Shrugging your shoulders Elevation
Touching your chin to your chest Flexion
Shaking your head 'no' Rotation
Turning the palm up Supination
Turning the palm down Pronation
Turning the sole of the foot medially. Inversion
Turning the sole of the foot laterally. Eversion
Fibrocartilage disc Menisci
Synovial sac Bursa
Bone to bone attachment Ligament
Muscle to bone attachment Tendon
Created by: schell912