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Lab intro to human 2

Exercise 2

The study of body structures anatomy
Describes the body's large parts such as muscles and bones gross anatomy
The study of microscopic structures microanatomy
The study of cells cytology
The study of tissues histology
Groups of cells coordinating their effort toward a common function tissue
The study of how the body functions and of the work cells must do to keep the bosy stable and operating efficiently physiology
homeo unchanging
statis standing
The maintenance of a relatively steady internal enviroment through physiological work homeostatis
Various studies of the body in the fields of specialization in anatomy and physiology levels of organization
Atoms such as carbon and hydrogen bond together and form molecules molecular level
Molecules are organized into cellular structures called organelles
In this position, the individual is standing erect with the feet pointed forward, the eys straight ahead, and the palms of the hands facing forward with the upper limbs at the sides anatomical position
Lying on the back supine
Lying face down prone
above superior
below inferior
in front of or forward anterior
in back of or toward the back posterior
head or toward head region cranial\cephalic
toward tail\coccyx caudal
back dorsal
belly (front) ventral
toward midline medial
away from midline lateral
nearer proximal
farther away distal
close to the surface superficial
farther away from the surface deep
forehead (frontal) frons
nose (nasal) nasus
eye (orbital or ocular) auris
cheeck (buccal) bucca
neck (cervical) cervicis
thorax, chest (thoracic) thoracis
breast (mammary) mamma
abdominal abdomen
navel (umbilical) umbilicus
pelvic pelvis
hand (manual) manus
groin (inguinal) inguen
pubic pubis
thigh (femoral) femur
foot (pedal) pes
great toe hallux
toes (digital or phalangeal) digits or phalanges
ankle (tarsal) tarsus
leg (crural) crus
kneecap (patellar) patella
fingers (digital or phalangeal digits or phalanges
thumb pollex
palm (palmar) palma
wrist (carpal) carpus
forearm (antebrachial) antebrachium
front of elbow antecubitis
arm (brachial) brachium
armpit (axillary) axilla
chin (mental) mentis
mouth (oral) oris
head (chepalic) chephalon
what is the trunk? thoracis, mamma,abdomen,umbilicus, pelvis
what is the cephalon cranium, facies
skull (cranial) cranium
face (facial) facies
acromial acromion
back (dorsal) dorsum
back of elbow (olecranal) olecranon
loin (lumbar) lumbus
buttock (gluteal) gluteus
back of knee (popliteal) poplitues
calf (sural) sura
heel of foot (calcaneal) calcaneus
sole of foot (plantar) planta
what major regions of the upper limb? acromion, dorsum, olecranon, lumbus
what major regions of the lower limb? glutues, popliteus, sura, calcaneus, planta
__________ sections are perpendicular to the vertical orientation of the body transverse
transverse sections are also called cross sections
_________ sections are parallel to the _______ axis of the body and include sagittal and frontal section vertical
____________ vertical section divides a body or organ into the right and left portions sagittal
________ vertical section equally divides structures midsagittal
__________ vertical section produces nearly equal divisions parasagittal
_______ vertical section seperates anterior and posterior structures frontal, coronal
_________ us the space within the oval cranium of the skull that encases and protects the delicate brain cranial cavity
___________is a long, slender canal that passes through the vertebral column that encases the spinal cord spinal cavity
the brain and spinal cord are contained within the _______, a protective three layer membrane meninges
_________ also called the ______is the entire space of the body trunk anterior to the vertebral column and posterior to the sternum (breastbone) and the abdominal muscle wall ventral body cavity, coelom
Walls made of muscle and bone...contains heart, lungs, trachea, larynx, esophagus, thymus gland, many large blood vessels thoracic cavity
Contains the lungs Pleural cavities
Portion of the thoracic cavity that contains the heart, its large vessels, thymus, trachea, and esophagus mediastinum
contains the heart Pericardial cavity
At the top is separated by the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm The floor of the pelvis makes up the bottom of this cavity abdominopelvic cavity
Most of the digestive organs abdominal
Internal reproductive organs, rectum, bladder, parts of the large intestine pelvic
Attached to the organ Visceral layer
Lines wall of cavity the organ is in Superficial to the visceral layer Parietal layer
Between the layers Lubricant Reduces friction between the layers as the organ moves serous fluid
Attached to surface of the heart Pericardial cavity Space between these 2 layers Visceral pericardium
Attached to diaphragm and supportive tissues of the thoracic cavity Parietal pericardium
Space between these 2 layers Pericardial cavity
Attaches to the surface of the lung Visceral pleura
Lines the thoracic wall Parietal pleura
Lines organ surfaces Visceral peritoneum
Has many folds that wrap around and attach abdominal organs to posterior abdominal wall Parietal peritoneum
Located outside the peritoneum Kidneys are called retroperitoneal
Created by: coffeecake49



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