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CombiningForms

Medical Anatomy combining forms

QuestionAnswer
Aden/o Gland
Arthr/o Joint
Bi/o Life
Carcin/o Cancerous, cancer
Cardi/o Heart
Cephal/o Head
Cerebr/o Cerebral (cerebrum - largest part of the brain)
Erythr/o Red
Gastr/o Stomach
Glyc/o Sugar
Gnos/o Knowledge
Gynec/o Woman, Female
Hemat/o Blood
Hem/o Blood
Hepat/o Liver
Iatr/o Treatment
Leuk/o White
Log/o Study of
Nephr/o Kidney
Neur/o Nerve
Onc/o Tumor
Ophthalm/o Eye
Oste/o Bone
Path/o Disease
Ped/o Child
Psych/o Mind
Radi/o X-rays
Ren/o Kidney
Rhin/o Nose
Sarc/o Flesh
Sect/o To cut
Thromb/o Clot, clotting
Ur/o Urinary tract, urine
Abdomin/o Abdomen
Adip/o Fat
Anter/o Front
Bol/o To cast (throw)
Cervic/o Neck (of the body or of the uterus)
Chondr/o Cartilage (type of connective tissue)
Chrom/o Color
Coccyg/o Coccyx (tailbone)
Crani/o Skull
Cyt/o Cell
Dist/o Far, distant
Dors/o Back portion of the body
Hist/o Tissue
Ili/o Ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
Inguin/o Groin
Kary/o Nucleus
Pelv/i Pelvis, hip region
Poster/o Back, behind
Proxim/o Nearest
Sacr/o Sacrum
Sarc/o Flesh
Spin/o Spine, backbone
Thel/o Nipple
Thorac/o Chest
Trache/o Trachea, windpipe
Umbilic/o Navel, umbilicus
Ventr/o Belly side of the body
Vertebr/o Vertebra(e),backbone(s)
Viscer/o Internal organs
Acr/o Extremities, top, extreme point
Acu/o Sharp, severe, sudden
Amni/o Amnion (sac sorrounding the embryo in the uterus)
Angi/o Vessel
Arteri/o Artery
Arthr/o Joint
Axill/o Armpit
Blephar/o Eyelid
Hyrd/o Water, fluid
Inguin/o Groin
Isch/o to hold back
Lapar/o Abdomen, abdominal wall
Laryng/o Larynx (voice box)
Leuk/o Whie
Lymph/o Lymph
Mamm/o Breast
Mast/o Breast
Morph/o Shape, Form
Muc/o Mucus
My/o Muscle
Myel/o Spinal Cord, Bone marrow
Necr/o Death (of cells or whole body)
Neutr/o Neutrophil (a white blood cell)
Nucle/o Nucleus
Bronch/o Bronchial tubes
Chem/o Drug, Chemical
Chron/o Time
Col/o Colon (large intestine)
Cyst/o Urinary bladder
Ot/o Ear
Peritone/o Peritoneum
Phag/o To eat, swallow
Phleb/o Vein
Plas/o Formation, development
Pleur/o Pleura (membrane surrounding lungs and adjacent to chest wall)
Pneumon/o Lungs
Pulmon/o Lungs
Splen/o Spleen
Staphyl/o Clusters
Strept/o Twisted chains
Thorac/o Chest
Tonsill/o Tonsils
Ven/o Vein
An/o Anus
Append/o Appendix
Bucc/o Cheek
Cec/o Cecum
Celi/o Belly, Abdomen
Cheil/o Lip
Cholecyst/o Gallbladder
Choledoch/o Common bile duct
Colon/o Colon
Dent/i Tooth
Duoden/o Duodenum
Enter/o Intestines, usually small intestines
Esophag/o Esophagus
Faci/o Face
Gastr/o Stomach
Gingiv/o Gums
Gloss/o Tongue
Ile/o Ileum
Jejun/o Jejunum
Labi/o Lip
Lapar/o Abdomen
Lingu/o Tongue
Mandibul/o Lower jaw, Mandible
Odont/o Tooth
Or/o Mouth
Palat/o Palate
Pancreat/o Pancreas
Peritone/o Peritoneum
Pharyng/o Throat
Proct/o Anus and Rectum
Pylor/o Pyloric Sphincter
Rect/o Rectum
Sialaden/o Salivary gland
Sigmoid/o Sigmoid Colon
Stomat/o Mouth
Uvul/o Uvula
Celi/o Belly, Abdomen
Cheil/o Lip
Chol/e Bile; Gall
Cholangi/o Bile vessel
Cholecyst/o Gallbladder
Choledoch/o Common bile duct
Colon/o Colon
Dent/i Tooth
Duoden/o Duodenum
Gloss/o Tongue
Gluc/o Glucose, Sugar
Glyc/o Glucose, sugar
Herni/o Hernia
Labi/o Lip
Lingu/o Tongue
Lip/o Fat; Lipid
Lith/o Stone; Calculus
Odont/o Tooth
Or/o Mouth
Palat/o Palate (Roof of the mouth)
Pancreat/o Pancreas
Proct/o Anus and Rectum
Pylor/o Pyloric Sphincter, Pylorus
Rect/o Rectum
Sialaden/o Salivary Gland
Splen/o Spleen
Steat/o Fat, Sebum
Stomat/o Mouth
Cali/o, Calic/o Calyx (Calix)
Cyst/o, Vesic/o Urinary Bladder
Glomerul/o Glumerulus
Meat/o Meatus
Nephr/o, Ren/o Kidney
Pyel/o Renal Pelvis
Ren/o, Nephr/o Kidney
Trigon/o Trigone (region of the bladder)
Ureter/o Ureter
Urethr/o Urethra
Vesic/o, Cyst/o Urinary bladder
Albumin/o Albumin (a protein in the blood)
Azot/o Nitrogen
Bacteri/o Bacteria
Dips/o Thirst
Kal/o Potassium
Ket/o, Keton/o Ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)
Lith/o Stone
Natr/o Sodium
Noct/o Night
Olig/o Scanty
Py/o Pus
Ur/o, Urin/o Urine (urea)
Amni/o Amnion
Cervic/o Cervix, Neck
Chori/o, Chorion/o Chorion
Colp/o, Vagin/o Vagina
Culd/o Cul-de-sac
Episi/o, Vulvo Vulva
Galact/o, Lact/o Milk
Gynec/o Woman, Female
Hyster/o, Metr/o, Metri/o Uterus, womb
Lact/o, Galact/o Milk
Mamm/o, Mast/o Breast
Mast/o, Mammo Breast
Men/o Menses, Menstruation
Metr/o, Metri/o, Hyster/o Uterus
My/o, Myom/o Muscle, Muscle tumor
Nat/i Birth
Obstetr/o Pregnancy and Childbirth
O/o, Ov/o, Ovul/o Egg
Oophor/o, Ovari/o Ovary
Ov/o, O/o Egg
Ovari/o, Oophor/o Ovary
Ovul/o, Ov/o, O/o Egg
Perine/o Perineum
Phor/o To bear
Salping/o Fallopian tubes
Uter/o Uterus
Vagin/o, Colp/o Vagina
Vulv/o, Episi/o Vulva
Andr/o Male
Balan/o Penis (Greek balanos acorn)
Cry/o Cold
Crypt/o Hidden
Epididmym/o Epididymis
Gon/o Seed (Greek gone, seed)
Hydr/o Water, Fluid
Orch/o, Orchi/o, Orchid/o Testis, Testicle
Pen/o Penis
Prostat/o Prostate Gland
Semin/i Semen, Seed
Sperm/o, Spermat/o Spermatozoa, Semen
Terat/o Monster (Greek teras, monster)
Test/o Testis, Testicle
Varic/o Varicose veins
Vas/o Vessel, duct; Vas deferens
Zo/o Animal life
Cerebell/o Cerebellum
Cerebr/o Cerebrum
Dur/o Dura mater
Encephal/o Brain
Gli/o Glial cells
Lept/o Thin, Slender
Mening/o, Meningi/o Membranes, Meninges
My/o Muscle
Myel/o Spinal cord, Bone marrow
Pont/o Pons
Radicul/o Nerve root (of spinal nerves)
Thalam/o Thalamus
Thec/o Sheath (refers to the meninges)
Vag/o Vagus nerve (10th cranial nerve)
Esthesi/o Feeling, nervous sensation
Kines/o, Kinesi/o Movement
Aort/o Aorta
Arter/o, Arteri/o Artery
Ather/o Yellowish plaque, fatty substance
Atri/o Atrium, Upper heart chamber
Brachi/o Arm
Cholesterol/o Cholesterol (a lipid substance)
Coron/o Heart
Cyan/o Blue
Myx/o Mucus
Ox/o Oxygen
Pericardi/o Pericardium
Phleb/o Vein
Rrhythm/o Rhythm
Sphygm/o Pulse
Steth/o Chest
Thromb/o Clot
Valvul/o, Valv/o Valve
Vas/o Vessel
Vascul/o Vessel
Ven/o, Ven/i Vein
Ventricul/o Ventricle, lower heart chamber
Adenoid/o Adenoids
Alveol/o Alveolus, air sac
Bronch/o, Bronchi/o Bronchial tube, bronchus
Capn/o Carbon dioxide
Coni/o Dust
Cyan/o Blue
Epiglott/o Epiglottis
Laryng/o Larynx, Voice box
Lob/o Lobe of the lung
Mediastin/o Mediastinum
Nas/o Nose
Orth/o Straight, upright
Ox/o Oxygen
Pector/o Chest
Pharyng/o Pharynx, throat
Phon/o Voice
Phren/o Diaphragm
Pleur/o Pleura
Pneum/o, Pneumon/o Air, lung
Pulmon/o Lung
Sinus/o Sinus, cavity
Spir/o Breathing
Tel/o Complete
Thorac/o Chest
Tonsill/o Tonsils
Bas/o Base (alkaline, the opposite of acid)
Chrom/o Color
Coagul/o Clotting
Eosin/o Red, Dawn, Rosy
Granul/o Granules
Hemoglobin/o Hemoglobin
Is/o Same, Equal
Kary/o Nucleus
Mon/o One, Single
Morph/o Shape, Form
Myel/o Bone marrow
Neutr/o Neutral (Neither base or acid)
Nucle/o Nucleus
Phag/o Eat, Swallow
Poikil/o Varied, Irregular
Sider/o Iron
Spher/o Globe, Round
Thromb/o Clot
Immun/o Protection
Lymphaden/o Lymph node (gland)
Splen/o Spleen
Thym/o Thymus Gland
Tox/o Poison
Calc/o, Calci/o Calcium
Kyph/o Humpback, Hunchback (Posteior curvature in the thoracic region)
Lamin/o Lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
Lord/o Curve, Swayback (anterior curvature in the lumbar region)
Lumb/o Loins, lower back
Orth/o Straight
Scoli/o Crooked, bent (lateral curvature)
Spondyl/o (used to make words about conditions of the structure) Vertebra
Vertebr/o (used to describe the structure itself) Vertebra
Acetabul/o Acetabulum (hip socket)
Calcane/o Calcaneus (heel)
Carp/o Carpals (wrist bones)
Clavicul/o Clavicle (collar bone)
Cost/o Ribs (true ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs)
Crani/o Cranium (skull)
Femor/o Femur (thigh bone)
Fibul/o Fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
Humer/o Humerus (upper arm bone)
Ili/o Ilium (upper part of pelvic bone)
Ischi/o Ischium (posterior part of pelvic bone)
Malleol/o Malleolus (process of each side of the ankle)
Mandibul/o Mandible (lower jawbone)
Maxill/o Maxilla (upper jawbone)
Metacarp/o Metacarpals (hand bones)
Metatars/o Metatarsals (foot bones)
Olecran/o Olecranon (elbow)
Patell/o Patella (kneecap)
Pelv/i Pelvis (hipbone)
Perone/o Fibula
Phalang/o Phalanges (finger and/or toe bones)
Pub/o Pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
Radi/o Radius (forearm bone - thumb side)
Scapul/o Scapula (shoulder blade)
Stern/o Sternum (breastbone)
Tars/o Tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)
Tibi/o Tibia (shin bone)
Uln/o Ulna (forearm bone - little finger side)
Ankyl/o Stiff
Arthr/o, Articul/o Joint
Burs/o Bursa
Ligament/o Ligament
Rheumat/o Watery flow
Synov/o Synovial membrane
Ten/o, Tendin/o Tendon
Fasci/o Fascia (forms sheath enveloping muscles)
Fibr/o Fibrous connective tissue
Leiomy/o Smooth (visceral muscle that lines the walls of internal organs)
Myocardi/o Heart muscle
My/o, Myos/o Muscle
Plant/o Sole of the foot
Rhabdomy/o Skeletal (striated muscle connected to bones)
Sarc/o Muscle and flesh
Adip/o, Lip/o, Steat/o Fat
Albin/o White
Caus/o Burn, burning
Cauter/o Heat, burn
Cutane/o, Derm/o, Dermat/o Skin
Diaphor/o, Hidr/o Profuse sweating
Erythem/o, Erythemat/o Redness
Ichthy/o Dry, scaly (fish-like)
Kerat/o Hard
Melan/o Black
Myc/o Fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms)
Onych/o, Ungu/o Nail
Phyt/o Plant
Pil/o, Trich/o Hair, hair follicle
Py/o Pus
Rhytid/o Wrinkle
Seb/o Sebum (oily secretion from sebaceous glands)
Squam/o Scale-like
Steat/o Fat
Xanth/o Yellow
Xer/o Dry
Aque/o Water
Blephar/o, Palpebr/o Eyelid
Conjunctiv/o Conjunctiva
Cor/o, Pupill/o Pupil
Corne/o, Kerat/o Cornea
Cycl/o Ciliary body or muscle of the eye
Dacry/o, Lacrim/o Tears, tear duct
Ir/o, Iridr/o Iris (colored portion of the eye around the pupil)
Kerat/o, Corne/o Cornea
Lacrim/o, Dacry/o Tears
Ocul/o, Ophthalm/o Eye
Opt/o, Optic/o Eye, vision
Papill/o Optic disc; nipple-like
Phac/o, Phak/o lens of the eye
Pupill/o, Cor/o Pupil
Retin/o Retina
Scler/o Sclera (white of the eye); hard
Uve/o Uvea; Vascular layer of the eye (iris, ciliary body, and choroid)
Vitre/o Glassy
Ambly/o Dull, dim
Dipl/o Double
Glauc/o Gray
Mi/o Smaller, less
Mydr/o Widen, enlarge
Nyct/o Night
Phot/o Light
Presby/o Old age
Scot/o Darkness
Xer/o Dry
Acous/o, Audit/o Hearing
Audi/o Hearing; the sense of hearing
Aur/o, Auricul/o, Ot/o Ear
Cochle/o Cochlea
Mastoid/o Mastoid process (behind the ear)
Myring/o, Tympan/o Eardrum, typanic membrane
Ossicul/o Ossicle
Salping/o Eustachian tube, auditory lobe
Staped/o Stapes (third bone of the middle ear)
Tympan/o, Myring/o Eardrum, tympanic membrane
Vestibul/o Vestibule
Adren/o, Adrenal/o Adrenal gland
Gonad/o Sex gland (ovaries and testes)
Pancreat/o Pancreas
Parathyroid/o Parathyroid gland
Pituitar/o Pituitary gland; hypophysis
Thyr/o, Thyroid/o Thyroid gland
Andr/o Male
Cortic/o Cortex, outer region
Crin/o Secrete
Dips/o Thirst
Estr/o Female
Gluc/o, Glyc/o Sugar
Home/o Sameness
Hormon/o Hormone
Kal/i Potassium
Lact/o Milk
Myx/o Mucus
Natr/o Sodium
Phys/o Growing
Somat/o Body
Ster/o Solid structure
Toc/o Childbirth
Toxic/o Position
Ur/o Urine
Alveol/o Small sac
Cac/o Bad
Chem/o Chemical, drug
Cry/o Cold
Cyst/o Sac of fluid
Fibr/o Fibers
Follicul/o Small glandular sacs
Fung/i Fungus, mushroom
Medull/o Soft, Inner part
Mucos/o Mucous membrane
Mut/a Genetic change
Mutagen/o Causing genetic change
Necr/o Death
Onc/o Tumor
Papill/o Nipple-like
Pharmac/o Chemical, drug
Plas/o Formation
Ple/o Many, more
Polyp/o Polyp
Prot/o First
Sarc/o Flesh, connective tissue
Scirrh/o Hard
Is/o Same
Pharmaceut/o Drug
Son/o Sound
Therapeut/o Treatment
Vitr/o Glass
Viv/o Life
Created by: Arceli_young