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MMT Ch 8

Medical Terminology Female Reproductive System WGU

an- without
dys- bad, difficult, painful
poly- many, much
pre- Before, in front of
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-graphy recording
-lysis breakdown
-pexy surgical fixation, suspension
-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
-rrhagia bursting forth
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scopy visual examination
amni/o amnion (amniotic sac)
cervic/o cervix, neck
colp/o hollow, vagina
culd/o blind pouch
episi/o vulva, vulva (...tomy)
hyster/o uterus, womb
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menstruation
metro/o uterus
metri/o uterus
olig/o scanty
oophor/o ovary
salping/o fallopian tube
vulv/o vulva
amnion Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
areola Circular pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple
bartholin glands two glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete a lubricant during intercourse
breast either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman
cervix the opening to the uterus
chorion outermost membranous sac enclosing the embryo in higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
clitoris organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
corpus luteum endocrine tissue which produces hormones, estrogen, and progesterone which prepares the uterine lining for receiving an embryo
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
estrogen hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tubes tubes which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus and which provides the place where fertilization occurs
fetus the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth
fimbriae finger or fringe like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
gestation the period during which an embryo develops (about 266 days in humans)
hCG human chorionic gonadotropin
hymen a fold of tissue that partly covers the entrance to the vagina of a virgin
labia majora two large folds of fatty tissue that are covered with hair on their outer surfaces; they enclose and protect the vagina
labia minora Smaller pair of skin folds that protect the vaginal opening
mammary papilla breast nipple
menarch The first menstrual period
menopause the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
menstruation the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
mons pubis a mound of fatty tissue covering the pubic area in women
myometrium the smooth muscle forming the wall of the uterus
ovary the organ that bears the ovules of a flower, (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone
ovulation the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)
ovum Female gamete
parturition Childbirth
perimetrium outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus
perineum in females, the area between the anus and the vagina
placenta the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus
progesterone A hormone produced by the ovaries which acts with estrogen to bring about the menstral cycle.
Douglas' Cul de Sac rectouterine pouch, pouch between the posterior wall of the uterus and the anterior wall of the rectum (also called the Douglas cul-de-sac)
uterus a hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of females
vagina in the human female reproductive system, a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body
vulva external female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and the vaginal orifice
zygote the cell resulting from the union of an ovum and a spermatozoon (including the organism that develops from that cell)
AFP test Alpha-fetal protein (fetal serum protein)
(blood or amniotic fluid)
neural tube defects, spinal bifida
threatened abortion
fetal distress
done 16-18 weks
high false-positive incidence
amenorrhea absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
amniocentesis A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid, obtained by aspiration from a needle inserted into the uterus, is analyzed to detect certain genetic and congenital defects in the fetus.
anovulation the absence of ovulation due to immaturity or post-maturity or pregnancy or oral contraceptive pills or dysfunction of the ovary
Apgar score a scale of 1-10 to evaluate a newborn infant's physical status at 1 and 5 minutes after birth, Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration. 10 point scale evaluated at 1, 5 minutes.
cervical dysplasia growth of abnormal cells in the cervix, which can be detected by a Pap smear
cervicitis inflammation of the uterine cervix
cesarean section (CS) Delivery of fetus through an incision into the abdominal cavity and uterus.
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina
culdocentesis needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
endometriosis endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
episiotomy surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
erythroblastosis fetalis hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood groop (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus
hysteropexy surgical fixation of the uterus
hysteroptosis Prolapse of the uterus
hystoerosalpingography HSG is a radiologic procedure to investigate the shape of the uterine cavity and the shape and patency of the fallopian tubes
leiomyoma benign tumor of smooth muscle (usually in the uterus or digestive tract)
mammography a diagnostic procedure to detect breast tumors by the use of X rays
mastectomy surgical removal of a breast to remove a malignant tumor
meconium thick dark green mucoid material that is the first feces of a newborn child
menorrhagia excessive bleeding during menstruation
metrorrhagia bleeding from the uterus that is not due to menstruation
nuchal cord abnormal but common occurrence of the umbilical cord wrapped around the neck of the neonate
oligyhydramnios a condition in pregnancy characterized by a deficiency of amniotic fluid
oophorectomy surgical removal of one of both ovaries
ovarian cyst a cystic tumor (usually benign) of the ovary
Pap smear medical screening used to detect cancerous or infected cells of the cervix and vagina
PCOS polycystic ovary syndrome, condition marked by excessive secretion of androgens by the ovaries.
preeclampsia abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria
salpingitis inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube
salpingolysis removal of the adhesions in the fallopian tubes to reestablish patency with the goal of fertility
tubal ligation blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occurring
uterine artery embolization blocks arteries supplying blood to the fibroids by injecting particles into the artery
vulvovaginitis inflammation of the vulva and the vagina
FSH anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates gamete production in the gonads
LH Luteinizing hormone, luteinizing hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and target the gonads, in females it stimulates the ovaries causing development of a corpus luteum, in males it stimulates the testes to make testosterone
oophoritis inflammation of an ovary
hematosalpinx blood in the fallopian tubes
primigravida woman during her first pregnancy
multigravida woman who has been pregnant more than once
nulligravida a woman who has never been pregnant
multipara woman who has delivered more than one viable infant
nullipara (obstetrics) a woman who has never give birth to a child
hydrosalpinx water in the uterine tube
pyosalpinx pus in the uterine tube
endometritis inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)
endometriosis the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus
retroflexion of the uterrus the body of the uterus is bent backward, forming and angle with the cerix (tipped uterus)
leukorrhea discharge of white mucous material from the vagina
vaginal prolapse downword displacement of the vagina aka colpoptosis
vulvitis inflammation of the external female genitalia
vulvodynia idiopathic syndrome of nonspecific complaints of pain of the vulva
galactorrhea the production of breast milk in a women who is not breastfeeding
mastitis inflammation of a breast (or udder)
mastoptosis sagging breast
thelitis infammation of the nipples; aka acromastitis
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding not caused by a tumor, inflammation or pregnancy
menometrorrhagia excessive uterine bleeding at both the usual time of menstrual periods and at other irregular intervals
oligomenorrhea abnormally light or infrequent menstruation
PMDD premenstrual dysphoric disorder severity of symptoms...more sever than regular PMS
PMS a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
abruptio placentae a disorder of pregnancy in which the placenta prematurely separates from the wall of the uterus
agalactia a condition in which milk is not secreted in the mother's breasts after her child has been delivered
cephalopelvic disproportion condition preventing normal delivery through the birth canal; either the baby's head is too large or the birth canal is too small
abortion termination of pregnancy
oligohydramnios decreased amniotic fluid. increased risk of fetus because the umbilical cord does not have enough fluid to float and may become compressed.
placenta previa pregnancy in which the placenta is implanted in the lower part of the uterus (instead of the upper part)
polyhydramnios excessive amniotic fluid
preeclampsia abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria
CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
endometial hyperplasia excessive development of cells in the lining of the uterus
fibroadenoma of the breast noncancerous breast tumors composed of fibrous and glandular tissue
fibrocystic changes of the breast formerly called fibrocystic disease, benign condition affects the glandular and stromal tissue
leiomyoma of the uterus also termed fibroids these smooth muscle tumors of the uterus are usually nonpainful
mature teratoma of the ovary also termed dermoid cysts these noncancerous ovarian growths arise from germ cells
ovarian cyst a cystic tumor (usually benign) of the ovary
choriocarcinoma malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy
endometrial adenocarninoma the most common cancer of the uterus, develops in the cells that line the uterus
EOC epithelial ovarian cancer, an inherited mutation of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene is linked to the risk of this malignancy and breast cancer
IDC Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma
leiomyosarcoma rare cancer of the smooth muscle of the uterus
lobular carcinoma about 15% of breast cancers are lobular carcinomas
Paget disease of the breast What breast malignancy has tumor cells with a halo surrounding the nucleus and is an ulceration of the nipple and areola with crusting, fissuring, and oozing?
squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix the most common type of cervial cancer, thought to be caused by HPV
culdoscopy endoscopic examination of a woman's pelvic organs by the insertion of a culdoscope through the vagina
hysteroscopy visual examination of the uterus and uterine lining using an endoscope inserted through the vagina
laparoscopy laparotomy performed with a laparoscope that makes a small incision to examine the abdominal cavity (especially the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
CVS Chorionic Villus Sampling genetic test where a doctor inserts a special instrument through the mother's vagina and cervix, and removes a small amount of tissue from the embryonic membrane for testing
CST measure the fetal heart rate throughout a minimum of three contractions within a 10 min period
NST nonstress test, stimulation of the fetus tomonitor for a normal, expected acceleration of the fetal heart rate
congenital hypothyroidism Hyposecretion of thyroid hormone that causes severe mental retardation
PKU Phenulketonuria A genetic abnormality in which a child cannot metabolize phenylalanine, an amino acid, which consequently builds up in the body and causes mental retardation. If treated with a special diet, retardation is prevented
cervicectomy excision of the cervix
clitoridectomy type of FGC- involves removal of the clitoris
colpopexy the surgical fixation of a prolapsed vagina to a surrounding structure such as the abdominal wall
colpoplasty surgical repair of the vagina
culdoplasty surgical repair of the cul-de-sac
D & C dilation and curettage: procedure that widens the cervical canal with a dilator and scrapes the uterine endometrium with a curette
hymenotomy incision of the hymen
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
LEEP loop electrocautery excision procedure to remove abnormal cells in cervical dysplasia
lumpectomy excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes
mammoplasty Surgical repair of the breast
mastectomy surgical removal of a breast to remove a malignant tumor
mastopexy plastic surgery to lift or reshape the breasts
oophorectomy surgical removal of one of both ovaries
pelvic exenteration Removal of internal and reproductive organs in the region of the hip
salpingectomy surgical removal of one or both Fallopian tubes
salpingolysis removal of the adhesions in the fallopian tubes to reestablish patency with the goal of fertility
theleplasty plastic surgery of the nipple
UAE uterine artery embolization
cephalic version Physician's effort to turn the fetus during delivery
cerclage suturing the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion. The sutures are removed prior to delivery
VBAC Vaginal birth after cesearean
AI Artificial insemination
GIFT Lab mixing and injection of the ova and sperm into the fallopiam tubes so that fertilization occurs naturally in the body
ICSI intracytoplasmic sperm injection, sperm is manually inserted into the lady, happens when male has low sperm count and/or poor motility
IVF In Vitro Fertilization. Eggs (ova) are removed from the ovary laproscopically and placed in a culture dish. The eggs are fertilized with a sperm sample from the father or donor male.
ZIFT small incision surgery where egg is fertilized in a lab, zygotes are transferred to the fallopian tube in their undivided state
salpingosalpingostomy the rejoining of previously cut fallopian tubes to re-establish patency; a reversal of a tubal ligation
sterilization the procedure of making some object free of live bacteria or other microorganisms (usually by heat or chemical means)
Created by: DRIOS2