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Yr8 Medieval Europe

Norman Conquest, Feudal System, Battle of Stamford Bridge, etc.

Who won in the Battle of the Hastings? William from Normandy
Who were the three men who were claimants to the English throne? Harald Hadraada, Harold Godwinson and William Duke of Normandy.
Where was Harald Hadraada from? Norway
Harold Godwinson was the what at the time of Edward the Confessor's death? The Earl of Wessex.
On what day was Harold II crowned king of England? 6th January.
What was William's claim to the throne? That he was promised by Edward who was his cousin.
What was Harald Hadraada's claim to the throne? That Cnut's son promised the throne to him,and that he was a descendant of King Cnut, a former king of England.
What was Harold Godwinson's claim to the throne? He was the most powerful nobleman in England and the only Englishman claiming the throne beside a nine year old relative (who was not chosen for obvious reasons.
What day did Edward the Confessor die? 5th January 1066
Why was their no direct heir to the throne? Because he died without a son.
What is the Norman Conquest? A group of vikings that had been raiding France got permission from the French King to live there instead.
What were the settlers called and what was the meaning of their name? They were called the Normans and that was short for "North Man".
True of False: William was a descendant from the Viking Tribes that were accepted into France. True.
How was Harold Godwinson, King of England, killed and by who? He was killed by William of Normandy's army with an arrow through the eye.
Who became the new king of England? William of Normandy.
What countries were in the Eastern Roman Empire? Egypt, Persia, etc.
What countries were in the Western Roman Empire? France, England, etc.
What was the most significant reason why William won at the Battle of Hastings? William's army pretended to retreat downhill and made them chase them, breaking Harold's shield wall which made them easier to attack once they got to the bottom of the hill.
What is the name of the tapestry that depicted the important events of 1066? The Bayeux Tapestry.
What is the Bayeux Tapestry? It is a piece of linen with all the prominent events of 1066 embroidered onto it.
Who ordered the Tapestrty to be made? William's half brother, Odo, Bishop of Bayeux.
Who was ordered to embroider the Tapestry? A group of Saxon women.
What are the dimensions of the Bayeux Tapestry? 50 centimetres thick and 70 metres long.
In the year 1066 Halley's Comet was seen. True or False? True
Halley's comet was seen as a bad omen in 1066. True or False? True
In the Feudal System, the Peasantry gained what in return for what? They gained the use of land in return for working and paying taxes with crops.
In the Feudal System, the Sub-tenants gained what in return for what? They gained land from the tenants in chief in return for fighting in wars and protecting the property of the chief tenant.
What were the two names for the medieval system of organising society? The Feudal System and Feudalism.
Who introduced the Feudal System and when? Charlemagne introduced it in the 8th Century.
What were the advantages of the system? It helped the country grow stronger and proided people with a sense of protection.
What was the two levels of peasantry? Villeins amd Serfs.
Serfs had nothing to their name - True or False? True.
The main tower of a stone castle with 3-4 storeys and walls 3 metres thick was a: donjon.
A portcullis is: an iron grate on either side of a gateway.
the lowest level, which was below ground, contained: storewells, a dungeon and a well.
what was the aim of a castle? To provide the monarch or chief tenant good living quarters, protect the inhabitants againsta siege and act as a military base.
What is a siege? A siege is the act of surrounding a castle or building in order to starve the inhabitants to death.
Where were castles built? in hard to reach places such as cliffs and islands, usually with a good view of the nearest town.
Resources that a castle needed to be near: towns so that the lord could collect taxes, fresh water and building material, workers to build the castle and roads or rivers for transport.
Created by: Emma98