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specialsense test3

special sense test review week 3

endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into blood stream
exocrine glands send chemical substances (tears, sweat, milk, saliva) via ducts to outside of the body
tetralodothyrine is what? T4 cell
triiodothyronine is what? T3 cell
calcitonin stimulate calcium to leave the blood and enter the bone (bone disposition)
adrenal cortex (outer) secretes corticosteriodsor steroids, chemical derived from cholestrol
adrenal medulla secretes catecholamines chemicals derived from amino acids
glucocorticoids influence metabolism of sugars, fats and proteins(cortisol) and anti-inflammatory(cortisone)
mineralocorticoids regulates electrolytes
aldosterone reabsorption of sodium and excretion of potassium
gonaclocorticoids androgens(testosterone) and estrogen
islets of langerhans insulin; promotes movement of glucose into cells and promotes storage of glycogen
glucagon promotes movement of glucose into the blodd by breaking down glycogen stored in liver cells
anterior lobe(pituitary gland) adenohypophysis; produce own hormone
posterior lobe(pituitary gland) neurohypophysis; store hormones from hypothalamus
testes secrete testosterone; maintain germ cell formation and secondary sex characteristics
ovaries secrete estrogen and progesterone; maintain menstral cycle, secondary sex characteristics, preperation of uterus for pregnancy
T3 increase metabolism
T4 increase metabolism
calcitonin decreas blood calcium
glucocorticoid(cortisol) increase blood glucose
mineralocorticoid(aldosterone) increase sodium reabsorption
sex hormones(androgen and estrogen) sexual characteristics
epinephrine(adrenaline) sympathomimetic
norepinephrine(noradrenaline) sympathomimetic
insulin lowers blood sugar(glucose to glycogen)
glucagon raises blood sugar(glycogen to glucose)
adrenocorticotropic(ACTH) stimulates adrenal cortex
Gonadotropin(FSH); follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates ovaries and testes
lutenizing hormone(LH) promotes ovulation; stimulates testes
somatotropin; growth hormone(GH) stimulates growth
thyrotropin; thyroud stimulation hormone(TSH) stimulates thyroid gland
prolactin(PRL) stimulates milk production
aden/o gland
adren/o or adrenal/o adrenal gland
gonad/o sex glands
andro/o male
calc/o or calci/o calcium
hypercalcemia excessive calcium in the blood
hypocalcemia low calcium in the blood
estr/o female
-emia blood condition
-tropin stimulating the function of
-uria urine condition
hyperthyroidism/ Graves disease overactivity of the thyroid gland
what is radioactive iodine used for? to cure graves disease
hypothyroidism underactivity of the thyroid gland
myxdema advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood
cretinism extreme hypothyroidism during infancy and childhood leads to lack of normal physical and mental growth
thyroid carcinoma cancer of the thyroid gland
cushing syndrome group of signs and symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex
addison disease hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
diabetes mellitus(DM) lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch and fat in metabolism in cells
type 1 diabetes autoimmune; early child onset; insulin
type 2 diabetes adult onset; islet cells are not destroyed; diet controlled sometimes insulin
acromegaly hypersecretion of growth hormone fromt he anterior pituitary after puberty; leads to enlarged extremities
gigantism hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary before puberty; leading to abnormal overgrowth of body tissues
dwarfism congenitalhyposecretion of growth hormone; hypopituitary dwarfism
panhypopituitarism deficiency of all pituitary hormones
Created by: a1h12