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prefixes &suffixes A

prefixes &suffixes

QuestionAnswer
a-, an- absence of, without ex: apathy, analgia
ab- away from ex: abduction
-ac, -acal pertaining to ex: cardiac
acanth(o)- thorn or spine ex: acanthion
acous(io)- of or relating to hearing
acr(o)- extremity, topmost
-acusis hearing
ad- increase, adherence, motion toward, very
aden(o)-, aden(i) of or relating to a gland ex:adenocarcinoma
-aemia blood condition
aer(o) air, gas
aesthesio- sensation
-al pertaining to
alb- denoting a white or pale color
alge(si)- -algia alg(i)o- pain ex:analgesic,myalgia
allo- Denoting something as different, or as an addition ex:alloantigen
ambi- Denoting something as positioned on both sides; Describing both of two ex:amniocentesis
amph-, amphi- on both sides ex:
ana- back,again,up ex:anaplasia
an(o) anus
angi(o)- blood vessel
aniso- something as unequal
ankyl(o)-, ancyl(o)- something as crooked or bent
apo- separated from, derived from ex:apoptosis
arsen(o)- Of or pertaining to a male; masculine
arthr(o)- of or pertaining to the joints,limbs ex:arthritis
articul(o)- joint ex:articulation
-ary pertaining to ex:bilary tract
-asthenia weakness
atel(o) imperfect or incomplete development ex:atelocardia
ather(o)- fatty deposit, Soft gruel-like deposit
-ation process ex:habitation
atri(o)- an atrium (esp. heart atrium) ex:atrioventricular
axill- Of or pertaining to the armpit ex:axilla
azo(to) nitrogenous compound
carp(o)- Of or pertaining to the wrist ex:carpopedal
cata- down, under ex:cataracts
-cele pouching, hernia ex:hydrocele
-centesis surgical puncture for aspiration ex:amniocentesis
cerat(o)- Of or pertaining to the cornu; a horn ex:ceratoid
cervic- Of or pertaining to the neck, the cervix
chir(o)-, cheir(o)- Of or pertaining to the hand ex:chiropractor
chlor(o)- Denoting a green color ex:chlorophyll
chol(e)- Of or pertaining to bile ex:cholaemia
cholecyst(o)- Of or pertaining to the gallbladder
chondr(i)o- cartilage, gristle, granule, granular ex:chondrocytes
chrom(ato)- color
-cidal, -cide killing, destroying
cis- on this side
clast break ex:osteoclast
col-, colo-, colono- colon
colp(o)- Of or pertaining to the vagina ex:colposcopy
cor- with, together
cor-, core-, coro- Of or pertaining to eye's pupil ex:corectomy
cordi- heart
cornu- Applied to processes and parts of the body describing them likened or similar to horns
cost(o)- Of or pertaining to the ribs
cox- Of or relating to the hip, haunch, or hip-joint
-crine to secrete ex:endocrine
cry(o)- cold
cutane- skin ex:subcutaneous
cyan(o)- Denotes a blue color
cyph(o)- Denotes something as bent
cyst(o)-, cyst(i)- Of or pertaining to the urinary bladder ex:cystotomy
cyt(o)- -cyte cell ex:cytokine,leukocyte
dacryo- tear
dactyl(o)- Of or pertaining to a finger, toe
de- away from, cessation
-desis binding ex arthrodesis
dextr(o)- right, on the right side
di- two, apart, separation ex diplopia
apart, separation apart, separation
-dipsia suffix meaning "(condition of) thirst"' ex:hydroadipsia,
dis- separation, taking apart ex:dissection
duodeno- duodenum, twelve: upper part of the small intestine (twelve inches long on average), connects to the stomach
-dynia pain
dys- bad,difficult
-eal pertaining to
ec- out, away
-ectasis, -ectasia expansion, dilation EX: Bronchiectasis,
-ectomy Denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part. Resection, excision ex:mastectomy
-emesis vomiting condition ex: Hematemesis
eosin(o)- red ex:Eosinophil
enter(o)- Of or pertaining to the intestine
episi(o)- Of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loin
erythr(o)- red ex:Erythrocyte
-esophageal, -esophago gullet
filli- fine, hair like
fossa A hollow or depressed area; trench or channel
galact(o)- milk
-gen (1) Denotes the sense 'born in, from' (2) Denotes the sense 'of a certain kind' ex:(1) Endogen; (2) Heterogenous
-genic Formative, pertaining to producing ex:Cardiogenic shock
genu- knee
glauc(o)-` Denoting a grey, bluish-grey color ex:Glaucoma
gloss(o)-, glott(o)- Of or pertaining to the tongue
gnath(o)- Of or pertaining to the jaw
hepat- (hepatic-) liver
hidr(o)- sweat ex: Hyperhidrosis
humer(o)- shoulder or upper arm ex Humerus
hyp(o)- Denotes something as 'below normal'
hyster(o)- Of or pertaining to the womb, the uterus ex: Hysterectomy
-i-asis condition
iatr(o)- medicine, doctor
-icle small ex v
-ics organized knowledge, treatment ex Obstetrics
idio- self, one's own
infra- below
irid(o)- iris
ischio- Of or pertaining to the ischium, the hip-joint
-ismus spasm, contraction
-itis inflammation ex Tonsillitis
-ium structure, tissue ex pericardium
isch- restriction ex Ischemia
kal/i PT
karyo- nucleus EX Eukaryote
kerat(o)- CORNEA EYE OR SKIN
koil(o)- hollow
kyph(o)- HUMPED
labi(o)- LIP
lapar(o)- STOMACH WALL,FLANK EX Laparotomy
laryng(o)- Of or pertaining to the larynx, the lower throat cavity where the voice box is
lei(o)- smooth EX Leiomyoma
lept(o)- LIGHT, SLENDER
leuc(o)-, leuk(o)- WHITE EX Leukocyte
lith(o)- STONE
lys(o)-, -lytic dissolution EX Lysosome
-lysis Destruction, separation EX Paralysis
-malacia softening EX Osteomalacia
mammill(o)- NIPPLE YUMMM
mast(o)- BREAST EX Mastectomy
melan(o)- BLACK
melos EXTREMITY
mening(o)- MEMBRANE EX Meningitis
mero- PART EX merocrine, meroblastic
mes(o)- MIDDLE EX Mesoderm
meta- AFTER, BEHIND
metr(o)- Pertaining to conditions or instruments of the uterus
my(o)- MUSCLE EX Myoblast
myc(o)- FUNGUS
myel(o)- BONE MARROW
myring(o)- EARDRUM
myx(o)- MUCUS
narc(o)- numb, sleep
necr(o)- death
nephr(o)- kidney
odont(o)- teeth ex: orthodontist
odyn(o)- pain
-oesophageal, oesophago- gullet
-oid resemblance to
ole small or little
om(o)- shoulder ex: omoplate
-oma (singular), -omata (plural) tumor, mass, collection ex: Sarcoma, Teratoma
omphal(o)- Of or pertaining to the navel, the umbilicus
onco- tumor, bulk, volume ex: oncology
onych(o)- nails
oo- Of or pertaining to the an egg, a woman's egg, the ovum ex: oogenesis
oophor(o)- woman's ovary
orchi(o)-, orchido- testis
-osis a condition, disease or increase ex: osteoporosis
osseo- bony
ossi- bone ex: ossify
ot(o)- ear
oxo- addition of oxygen
pachy- thick
palpebr- eyelid
papill- nipple
papul(o)- Indicates papulosity, a small elevation or swelling in the skin, a pimple, swelling ex: papulation
para- alongside of, abnormal
-paresis slight paralysis
parvo- small ex: parvovirus
-pathy Denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder ex: sociopathy
-penia deficiency ex. osteopenia
peo penis
-pepsia Denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract. ex: Dyspepsia
-pexy fixation
phaco- lens-shaped
-phil(ia) attraction for ex: hemophilia
phleb(o)- blood vein
phren(i)-, phren(o)-, phrenico mind ex: schizophrenia
-plasia formation, development
-plasty surgical repair, reconstruction ex: rhinoplasty
-plegia paralysis ex: paraplegia
pleio- more, excessive, multiple
pleur(o)-, pleur(a) rib
-plexy stroke or seizure
-poiesis production
polio- grey
porphyr(o)- purple
presby(o)- old age
pro before ex: procephalic
proct(o)- anus, rectum
pterygo- wing
psor- itching ex: psoriasis
-ptosis falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse ex: apoptosis
-ptysis (a spitting), spitting, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes ex: hemoptysis
pyel(o)- pelvis
pyo- pus
pyro- fever ex: antipyretic
reticul(o)- net
rhabd(o)- rod shaped, striated
rhachi(o)- spine ex: rachial, rachidian
rhod(o)- rose-red color
-rrhage burst forth ex: hemorrhage
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea -rrhoea flowing, discharge ex: diarrhea
-rrhexis rupture
rubr(o)- Of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain
salping(o)- fallopian tubes
sarco- muscular, fleshlike ex: sarcoma
schiz(o)- Denoting something 'split' or 'double-sided' ex: schizophrenia
scler(o)- hardness ex: atherosclerosis
-sclerosis hardening of the skin ex: MS
scoli(o)- twisted ex: scoliosis
sial(o)- saliva, salivary gland
sigmoid(o)- sigmoid, sigmoid colon
sinistr(o)- left
sito- food, grain
splanchn(i)-, splanchn(o)- viscera
spondyl(o)- Of or pertaining to the spine, the vertebra
squamos(o)- Denoting something as 'full of scales' or 'scaly ex: squama
-stasis stop, stand
-staxis dripping, trickling
sten(o)- Denoting something as 'narrow in shape' or pertaining to narrow-ness stenography
-stenosis abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure
steth(o)- Of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest, the area above the breast and under the neck ex: Stethoscope
stheno- strength, force, power
stom(a) stomat(o)- mouth
-stomy creation of an opening ex: colostomy
sy(l)-, sym-, syn-, sys- Indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; Assimilates before some consonants: before l to syl-, s to sys-, before a labial to sym-.
tachy- Denoting something as fast, irregularly fast ex: Tachycardia
tetan- rigid, tense ex: tetanus
thec- case, sheath
thel(e)-, thel(o)- nipple
thely- woman, feminie
thromb(o)- blood clot ex: thrombosis
thorac(i)-, thorac(o)-, thoracico- Of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck ex: thorax
thym(o)(ia)- emotions
toco- childbirth
-tome cutting instrument
-tomy act of cutting; incising, incision ex: gastrotomy
top(o)- place, topical
trich(i)-, trichia, trich(o)- Of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure ex: trichocyst
-tripsy crushing
-trophy nourishment, development
-ula, -ule small ex: nodule
ungui- nail, claw
uri(c)-, urico- uric acid
varic(o)- swollen or twisted vein ex: varicose
-version turning ex: retroversion
vesic(o)- bladder
viscer(o)- internal organs ex: viscera
xanth(o)- (abnormal) yellow color
xen(o)- foreign, different ex: xenograft
xer(o)- dry, desert-like
zo(o)- animal, animal life
zym(o)- fermentation, enzyme
Created by: aznxlamb