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Cardiovascular

QuestionAnswer
The study of functions of the body is called physiology
The structure of the body is referred to as its anatomy
The anatomical position is best described as a person standing, facing forward, palms facing forward
An imaginary line down the center of the body that passes between the eyes and extends down past the umbilicus is the midline
The term that refers to a position closer to the midline is medial
When the body cannot get enough oxygen, it makes ATP via anaerobic metabolism
The principal organ of the renal system is the kidney
The organ that produces eggs in a female is the ovary
This division (region) of the spinal column is subject to injury because it is NOT supported by another part of the skeleton lumbar
The pelvis is commonly referred to as the hip
The scapula and acromion are parts of the shoulder
Inferiorly, the knee connects with the tibia and fibula
The body contains how many different types of muscle Three
After inhaled air goes through the larynx, the next part of the respiratory system the air passes as it moves to the lungs is the trachea
The chamber that pumps oxygen-rich blood out of the heart for distribution to the rest of the body is the left ventricle
The largest artery in the body is the aorta
The organ that produces sperm is the testes
The blood vessels where gases, nutrients, and waste products are exchanged between the body's cells and the bloodstream are the capillaries
The component of the blood that has a primary function of carrying oxygen to tissue is red blood cells
The pressure created in the arteries when blood is forced out of the heart is referred to as systolic
The adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients to the organs and tissues of the body is called perfusion
The central nervous system is made up of the brain and the spinal cord
The substance that regulates acidity and is produced by the kidneys is called bicarbonate
The endocrine system produces chemicals called hormones
Body functions such as digestion and heart rate are controlled by the autonomic nervous system
the pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of the femur fits to form the hip joint acetabulum
the joint where the acromion and the clavicle meet acromioclavicular
the highest portion of the shoulder acromion process
the microscopic sacs of the lungs where gas exchange with the bloodstream takes place alveoli
study of body structure anatomy
front of the body or body part anterior
smallest kind of artery arteriole
blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart artery
two upper chambers of the heart atria
ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on its own automaticity
division of the peripheral nervous system that controls involuntary motor functions autonomic nervous system
both sides bilateral
artery of the upper arm brachial artery
two large sets of branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs bronchi
heel bone calcaneus
thin-walled, microscopic blood vessel where the oxygen/carbon dioxode and nutrient/waste exchange with the body's cells takes place capillary system
system of specialized muscle tissues that conducts electrical impulses that stimulate the heart to beat cardiac conduction system
blood vessels that supply the muscle of the heart coronary arteries
ring-shaped structure that forms the lower portion of the larynx cricoid cartilage
farther away from the torso distal
closer to the torso proximal
hormone produced by the body. as a medication, it dilates respiratory passages and is used to relieve severe allergic reactions epinephrine
major artery supplying the leg femoral
passive process in which the intercostal (rib) muscles and the diaphragm relax, causing the chest cavity to decrease in size and air to flow out of the lungs exhalation
sitting position fowler
inadequate perfusion of the cells and tissues of the body caused by insufficient flow of blood through the capillaries. also called shock hypoperfusion
away from the head inferior
active process in which the intercostal (rib) muscles and the diaphragm contract, expanding the size of the chest cavity and causing air to flow into the lungs inhalation
muscle that responds automatically to brain signals but cannot be consciously controlled involuntary muscle
organs of the renal system used to filter blood and regulate fluid levels in the body kidney
to the side, away from the midline of the body lateral
tissue that connects bone to bone ligament
supply of oxygen to, and removal of wastes from, the cells and tissues of the body as a result of the flow of blood through the capillaries perfusion
study of body function physiology
lying face down prone
vessels that carry deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs pulmonary arteries
rhythmic beats caused as waves of blood move through and expand the arteries pulse
components of the blood. they carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from, the cells red blood cells
lying on the side recovery position
organ located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen that acts as a blood filtration system and a reservoir for reserves of blood spleen
lying on the back supine
pressure created in the arteries when the left ventricle contracts and forces blood out into circulation systolic blood pressure
position in which the patient's feet and legs are higher than the head Trendelenburg
structure that opens and closes to permit the flow of a fluid in only one direction valve
blood vessel returning blood to the heart vein
major veins that return blood from the body to the right atrium venae cavae
two lower chambers of the heart ventricles
sends oxygen-poor blood to the lungs right ventricle
sends oxygen-rich blood to the body left ventricle
smallest kind of vein venule
muscle that can be consciously controlled voluntary muscle
components of the blood that help body fight infection white blood cells
specialized involuntary muscle found only in the heart cardiac muscle
Created by: rnguslo