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Green Terminology


a or an without, not
abdomin/o abdomen
aden/o gland
-algia, -algesia pain
an/o anus
angi/o vessel
ante- before, in front of
arthr/o joint
choledoch/o bile duct
bilirubin/o bilirubin
anthrac/o black
hem/o blood
brachi/o arm
cec/o cecum
-centesis surgical puncture
melan/o black
hemat/o blood
cepal/o head
cheil/o lip
chol/e bile gall
cholangi/o bile vessel
choledoch/o bile duct
-clasis break, fracture, refracture
col/o colon (colon/o)
dactyl/o fingers & toes, diget
decidul/o falling off, shedding
-desis binding, fixation (bones & joints) fushion
odont/o teeth
duoden/o duodenum (1st. part sm. intestines)
dys- painful, difficult, bad, abnormal
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-ectomy excision, removal
-megaly enlargement (mega-, megal/o)
enter/o intestines (sm.)
epi- above, on top of, upon
endo- within, in
esophag/o esophagus
hyper- excessive
supra- excessive
chondr/o cartilage
calcane/o calcaneum (heel bone)
-blast embryonic cell
hiat/o opening
corpor/o body
acromi/o acromion
divert/i turning aside, bypass
somat/o body
-emesis vomit
faci/o face
phalang/o bones of toes & fingers
quadr/o five
pod/o foot
quint/o four
cholecyst/o gallbladder
cholelith/o gallstones
ped/i childs foot
tetra- four
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
-gram record, writing
-graph instrument to record
-graphy process of recording
chlor/o green
lingu/o tongue
hematemesis vomiting blood
hepat/o liver
-cele hernia of, herniation, swelling
humer/o humerus (upper arm)
hypo- under, deficiency, less than
ile/o ileum (3rd part sm. intestine)
-tomy incision
-itis inflammation
meter- instrument of measuring
maxill/o jaw (upper bone)
arthr/o joint
leuk/o white
lithiasis abnormal stones
hepat/o liver
-malacia softening
mandibul/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
meta- change
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
-ology study of ...
-oma tumor
uni- one
orth/o straight
-osis abnormal condition
oste/o bone
-ostomy surgical opening
pancreat/o pancreas
-plegia paralysis
or/o mouth
ischi/o ischium (lower hip bone)
lamin/o lamina (thin flat layer or membrance)
kypo/o humpback
ili/o ilium (upper, flaring part of hip)
leiomy/o smooth muscle
-orexia appetite
patell/o patella (kneecap)
-pathy disease
pelv/i pelvis
peps/o digestion
-pepsia digestion, digest
-ar, -ial, -ary-, -tic pertaining to ...
-pexy surgical fixation
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
-plasty plastic, surgical repair
proct/o rectum
pylor/o pylorus
rachi/o spine
erythr/o red
rhabdomyl/o rod shaped muscle
eosin/o rose, dawn coloured
-rrhagia bursting forth
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
rug/o wrinkle, fold
-schisis a splitting, cleft, fissure
-scope instrument for examining
-scopy process of visual examination
sial/o saliva, saliva gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
crani/o skull
-malacia softening
esophagaspasm spasm of the esophagus
scoli/o spinal curvature
lord/o curved, sway back
spondyl/o vertebrae (conditions of structure)
splen/o spleen
stern/o sternum (breast bone)
gastr/o stomach
orth/o straight
-sub under, below
palat/o palate
rhabd/o rod-shaped (striated)
-tropin stimulate
-tresia opening
pub/o pubis
pepsia- digestion
-pandial meal
-phagia eating, swallowing
dent/o teeth
tempor/o temporal
-deca ten
tendon/o tendon
-tri three
throac/o chest
-tome instrument to cut
-tom to cut
throax- chest
onc/o tumor
-infra under, below (hypo, sub)
albin/o white (leuk/o)
xanth/o yellow (jaund/o, lute/o, cirrh/o)
extra- outside
supra- above, excessive, superior
exo- outside, outward (ecto-)
infra- under below
intra- within, in (endo-)
phe/o dark, dusky
melan/o black, dark
uvul/o uvula (little grape)
vill/o tuff of hair
tal/o ankle
tibi/o tibia (lg. lower leg bone)
roentgen/o x-ray
radi/o (r) radius (lower arm bone / thumb side)
radi/o radiation, x-ray, radius
Created by: Laurel3