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WVSOM Med Term 1-5

WVSOM Med Term Ch. 1-5

-er, -ist one who
-iatrician practitioner
-logist one who studies; specialist
-ac, -al, -ic, -logic, -logical pertaining to
-iatrics, -iatry medical profession or treatment
-logy study or science of
cardi/o heart
crin/o to secrete
dermat/o skin
esthesi/o feeling or sensation
gastr/o, enter/o stomach, intestines
ger/a, ger/o, geront/o elderly
gynec/o female
immun/o immune
ne/o, nat/o new, birth
neur/o nerve
obstetr/o midwife
onc/o tumor
opthalm/o eye
ort/o, straight
ped/o child
ot/o ear
laryng/o ear, larynx
path/o disease
ped/o child (sometimes foot)
psych/o mind
radi/o radiation (sometimes radius)
rheumat/o rheumatism
rhin/o nose
ur/o urinary tract (sometimes urine)
-centesis surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
-ectomy excision (surgical removal or cutting out)
-lysis process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
-pexy surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
-scopy visual examination with a lighted instrument (not always a surgical procedure)
-stomy formation of an opening
-tome an instrument used for cutting
-tomy incision (cutting into tissue)
-tripsy surgical crushing
aden/o gland
angi/o vessel
append/o, appendic/o appendix
bi/o life or living
blephar/o eyelid
cerebr/o, enchephal/o brain
chir/o hand
col/o colon or large intestine
cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o skin
faci/o face
hepat/o liver
mamm/o, mast/o breast
muscul/o, my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
oste/o bone
pulm/o, pulmon/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o lungs
tonsil/o tonsil
trache/o trachea (windpipe
vas/o vessel
-algia, -dynia pain
-cele hernia
-ectasia, -ectasis dilation
-edema swelling
-emesis vomiting
-emia condition of the blood
-ia, -iasis condition
-itis inflammation
-lith stone or calculus
-malacia soft, softening
-mania excessive preoccupation
-magaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-phobia abnormal fear
-ptosis prolapse
-rrhage excessive bleeding or hemmorrhage
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-spasm twitching, cramping
-stasis stopping, controlling
-able, -ible capable of, able to
-ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ive, -tic pertaining to
-ase enzyme
-eum, -ium membrane
-ia, -ism condition or theory
-iac one who suffers
-opia vision
-ose sugar
-ous pertaining to or characterized by
-y state or condition
hemat/o blood
lact/o milk
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
micro- small
muc/o mucus
prote/o, protein/o protein
pyr/o fire
mono-, uni- one
bi-, di- two
tri- three
quad-, quadri-, tetra- four
centi- one hundred or one-hundreth
mili- one-thousandth
diplo- double
hemi-,semi- half, partly
hyper- excessive, more than normal
hypo- beneath or below normal
multi-, poly- many
nulli- none
pan- all
primi- first
super-, ultra- excessive
ab- away from
ad- toward
ante-, pre- before in time or in place
circum-, peri- around
dia- through
ecto-, ex- out, without
exo-, extra- away from
en-,end-,endo- inside
epi- above, on
hypo-, infra-, sub- beneath, under
inter- between
intra- within
meso-, mid- middle
para- near, beside, abnormal
per- through or by
post- after, behind
retro- behind, backward
super-, supra- above, beyond
sym-, syn- joined together
trans- across
ante-, pre-, pro- before
post- after or behind
macro-, mega-, megalo- large or great
micro- small
a-, an- no, not, without
in- not or inside
anti-, contra- against
brady- slow
dys- bad, difficult
eu- good, normal
mal- bad
pro- favoring, supporting
tachy- fast
alb/o, albin/o, leuk/o white
chlor/o green
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
melan/o black
xanth/o yellow
cyt/o, -cyte cell
gen/o beginning, origin (sometimes genes)
-genic produced by or in
-genesis producing or forming
gram/o to record
-gram a record
-graphy process of recording
-graph instrument for recording
kinesi/o, -kinesia, -kinesis movement, motion
leps/o, -lepsy seizure
lys/o destruction/ dissolving
-lysin that which destroys
-lysis the process of destroying
-lytic capable of producing destruction
malac/o soft, softening
-malacia abnormal softening
-megal/o large, enlarged
-megaly enlargement
-metr/o measure, uterine tissue
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuring
path/o, -pathy disease
phag/o- eat/ingest
-phagia, -phagic, -phagy eating, swallowing
phas/o, -phasia speech
pleg/o, -plegia paralysis
schis/o, schiz/o, schist/o, -schisis split, cleft
scler/o hard
-sclerosis hardening
scop/o to examine, view
-scope instrument used for viewing
-scopy process of examining visually
troph/o, -trophic, -trophy nutrition
aer/o air
blast/o embryonic form
cancer/o, carcin/o cancer
cephal/o head
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
dips/o thirst
electr/o electricity
fibr/o fiber
hist/o tissue
myc/o fungus
narc/o stupor
necr/o dead
optic/o, opt/o vision
pharmac/o drugs, medicine
phon/o voice
phot/o light
py/o pus
therm/o heat
top/o position, place
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
ech/o, son/o sound
electr/o electricity
fluor/o emitting or reflecting light
radi/o radiant energy
tom/o to cut
ultra- excessive
algesi/o sensitivity to pain
chem/o chemical
pharmac/o, pharmaceut/i drugs or medicine
plast/o repair
therapeut/o treatment
tox/o poison
-therapy treatment
anter/o anterior (nearer to or toward the front; ventral)
poster/o posterior (nearer to or toward the back; dorsal; situated behind)
ventr/o ventral (belly side; same as anterior surface in human beings)
dors/o dorsal (directed toward or situated on the back side; same as posterior surface in human beings)
medi/o medial/median (middle or nearer the middle, the prefix mid- means middle)
later/o lateral (toward the side, denoting a position farther from the midline of the body or from a structure)
super/o superior (uppermost or above)
infer/o inferior (lowermost or below)
proxim/o proximal (nearer the origin or point of attachment)
dist/o distal (far or distant from the origin or point of attachment)
cephal/o cephalad (toward the head)
caud/o caudad (toward the tail or in an inferior direct in human beings)
abdomin/o abdomen
acr/o extremities (arms and legs)
blephar/o eyelid
cyst/o cyst, bladder, or sac
dactyl/o digit (toes, fingers, or both)
lapar/o abdominal wall
omphal/o umbilicus (navel)
onych/o nail
pelv/i pelvis
periton/o peritoneum
som/a, somat/o body
thorac/o chest (thorax)
crin/o, -crine secrete
dacry/o, lacrim/o tear, tearing, crying
-emia condition of the blood
hem/o, hemat/o blood
hidr/o sweat or perspiration
hydr/o water
lymph/o lymph (sometimes refers to lymphatics)
muc/o mucus
-poiesis production
-poietin substance that causes production
py/o pus
sial/o saliva (sometimes refers to salivary glands)
ur/o urine (sometimes refers to urinary tract)
anesthesia loss of feeling, as to an area of skin
bradycardia lowered heart rate
bradypnea abnormally slow breathing rate
cachexia significant loss of appetite, resulting in loss of weight and muscle mass
dyspnea difficulty breathing
edema swelling, commonly, abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath the skin
emesis vomiting
epistaxis nosebleed
febrile feverish
hemoptysis coughing up blood
hypesthesia diminished sensation, as to an area of skin
icterus, jaundice yellowish pigmentation of the skin due to increased bilirubin levels
paresis muscle weakness, without complete loss of function
paresthesia feeling of numbness, as to an area of skin
syncope feeling of lightheadedness, feeling faint
tachycardia elevated heart rate
tachypnea increased breathing rate
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
Created by: bdodson07