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Chabner, Language of Medicine 7th ed Chapter 4 Appendix

adrenal glands endocrine glands located above each kidney
antibiotic destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria
antigen a substance, usually foreign to the body that stimulates the production of antibodies
antibodies protein substances made by WBCs in response to foreign antigens
congenital anomalies irregularity in a structure or organ an infant is born with
contralateral oppposite side
ipsilateral same side
dialysis complete separation (of harmful waste products from the blood)
ectopic pregnancy when the embryo implants outside the uterus
parathyroid glands 4 glands located on the dorsal side of the thyroid; responsible for blood calcium levels
prolapse when an organ or tissue slides (sags, or falls) forward or downward
recombinant DNA process of taking a gene from one organism and inserting it (recombining it) into the DNA of another organism
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) a method of producing multiple copies of a single gene
syndrome a group of signs or symptoms that commonly occur together and indicate a particular disease or abnormal condition
symbiosis 2 organisms living together in close association, either for mutual benefit or not
parasitism another example of symbiosis when one organism benefits and the other does not
symphysis a joint in which the bony surfaces are firmly united by a layer of fibrocartilage
transurethral resection of prostate gland (TURP) removal of a portion of the prostate gland with an instrument passed through (trans-) the urethra
ultrasonography diagnostic technique using ultrasound waves to produce an image of an organ or tissue
echocardiograms ultrasound images of the heart
sonogram fetal ultrasound image
Created by: spicygrits