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cardiovascular kat

cardio cptr 11

QuestionAnswer
angio/o vessel
angiogram record of a vessel
aort/o aorta
aortic stenosis tightening or narrowing of the aorta
arter/o, arteri/o artery
arteriosclerosis hardening of artery
arterial anastomosis new connection between arteries
arteriography process of recording artery
endarterectomy removal of artery within
arther/o yellowish plaque, fatty substance
artheroma tumor of yellowish plaque
artherosclerosis hardening of yellowish plaque
artherectomy removal of ywllowish plaque
atri/o atrium, upper heart chamber
atrial pt to atrium
atrioventricular pt to atrium and ventricle
brachi/o arm
brachial artery pt to artery of arm
cardi/o heart
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
cardiomyopathy disease condition of heart muscle
bradycardia c condition of slow heart rate, slower than 60 beats per minute
tachycardia pt to fast heartbeat, faster than 100 beats per minute
cardiogenic shock shock produced by heart
hypercholesterolemia blood condition of excessive cholesterol
cholesterol/o cholesterol,a lipid substance
coron/o heart
coronary arteries arteries pt to heart
cyan/o blue
cyanosis abnormal condition of blue
myx/o mucus
myxoma tumor of mucus
ox/o oxygen
hypopxia condition of defiecient oxygen
pericardi/o pericardium
pericardiocentesis surgerical pucture to remove fluid from the pericardium
phleb/0 vein
phlebotomy cut into vein
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a clot in a vein
rrhythm/o rhythm
arrhythmia condition of no rhythm
sphygm/o pulse
sphygmomanometer measures pulse pressures
steth/o chest
stethoscope examine chest by ear
thromb/o clot
thrombolysis breakdown of a clot
valvul/o valve
valvuloplasty surgical repair of a valve
mitral valvulitis inflammation of mitral valve
valvotomy cut into valve
vas/o vessel
vasoconstriction narrowing of a vessel
vascular pt to vessel
ven/o, ven/i vein
venous pt to vein
venipuncture puncture in vein
ventricul/o ventricle, lower heart chamber
interventricular septum septum pt to between ventricals
aorta largest artery in the body
arteriole small artery
artery largest type of bloos vessel, carries blood away from the heart
atrioventricular bundle Bundle of His specialized muscle fibers connecting the atria with the ventricles and transmitting electrical impulses between them
atrioventricular node AV node specialized tissue in the wall between the atria, electrical impulses
atrium one of two upper chambers of the heart
capillary smallest bolld vessel
carbon dioxide gas waste released by body cells
coronary arteries blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle
deoxygenated blood blood that is oxygen poor
diastole relaxation phase of the heartbeat
elctrocardiogram record of electricity of the heart
endocardium inner lining of the heart
endothelium innermost lining of blood vessels
mitral vavle valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle bicuspid valve
murmur abnormal swishing sound caused by improper closing of heart valves
myocardium muscular middle layer of the heart
normal sinus rhythm 60 to 100 beats per minute
oxygen gas that enters blood through the lungs
pacemaker(sinoatrial node) specialized nervous tissue in the right atrium that begins the heartbeat
pericardium double layered membrane surrounding the heart
pulmonary artery artery carrying oxygen poor blood from heart to lugs
pulmonary circulation flow of blood from heart to lungs and back to heart
pulmonary valve valve positioned between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
pulmonary vein one of two pairs aof vessels carrying oxygenated blood from lungs to left atrium of the heart
pulse beat of heart as felt through the walls of the arteries
septum partition or wall dividing a cavity such as between the right and left atria
sinoatrial node SA node pacemaker of the heart
sphygmomanometer instrument to measure blood pressure
systemic circulation flow of blood from tissue to the heart and then from heart back to the body tissues
systole contraction phase of the heartbeat
tricuspid valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle
valve structure in veins or in heart that temporarily closes an opening so blood flows in only one direction
vein thin walled vessel that carries blood from the body tissues and lungs back to the heart, they contain valves to prevent backflow of blood
vena cava largest vein in the body
ventricle one of two lower chambers of the heart
venule small vein
acute coronary syndromes ACSs unstable angina and myocardial infarction heart attack which are consequences of plaque rupture in coronary arteries
angina(pectoris) chest pain resulting from myorcardial ischemia
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)inhibitor antihypertensive drug that blocks the conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2 causing blood vessels to dialte, prevents heart attacks CHF stroke and death
ausculation listening for sounds in blood vessels or other body structues typically using a stethoscope
beta-blocker drug used to treat angina, hypertension and arrhythmias
biventricular pacemaker device enabling ventricles to beat together so more blood is pumped out of the heart
bruit abnormal blowing or swishing sound heard heard during ausculation of an artery or organ
calcium channel blocker drug used to treat angina and hypertension
cariac arrest sudden unexpected stoppage os heart action, sudden cardiac death
cardiac tamponade pressure on the heart caused by fluid in the pericardial space
claudication pain tension and weaknes in a leg after walking has begun, but absence
digoxin drug that treats arrhythmias and strengthens the heartbeat
embolus clot or other substance that travels to a distant location and suddenly blocks a vessel
infarction area of dead tissue
nitrates drugs used in the treatment of angina
nitroglycerin nitrate drug used in treatment of angina
occlusion closure of a blood vessel due to a blockage
patent open
pericardial friction rub scraping or grating noise hesrd on on auscultation
petechiae small pinoint hemorrhages
statins drugs used to lower cholesterol on bloodstream
thrill vibration felt over an areas of turmoil in blood flow
vegetations clups of platelets, clotting proteins, microorganisms, and red blood cells on diseased heart valves
BNP test measurement of brainnatriuretic peptide in blood
cardiac biomarkers chemincals are measured in the blood as evidence of a heart attack
lipid tests,lipid profile measurement of cholesterol and triglycerides in blood sample
lipoprotein electrophoresis lipoproteins are physically separated and measured in a blood sample
angiography xray imaging of blood vessels after injection of contrast material
arteriography xray imaging of arteries after injection of contrast via catheter into the aorta or an artery
computed tomography angiography CTA three dimensional xray images of the heart and coronary arteries using computed tomography CT 64 slcice Ct scanner
digital subtraction angiography DSA video equipment and computer produce xray images of blood vessels
electron beam computed tomography EBT electron beams and CT identify calcium deposits in and around coronary arteries to diagnose early CAD
doppler ultrasound studies sound waves measure blood flow within blood vessels
echocardiography ECHO echoes generated by high frequency sound waves produce images of the heart
transesophageal echocardiography TEE transducer placed in esophagus
PET scan positron emission tomography images show blood flow and myorcardial function uptake of radioactive glucose
Created by: katwhitworth
 

 



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