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Chapter 9 male repo

male reproduction system

QuestionAnswer
andr/o male
androgen hormone producing male characteristics
balan/o penis
balanitis inflammation of penis
cry/o cold
cryogenic surgery pt to producing cold temp surgery
crypt/o hidden
cryptorchidism condition of hidden testis
epididym/o epididymis
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
gon/o seed
gonorrhea discharge of seed
hydr/o water,fluid
hydrocele hernia of fluid
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o testis testicle
orchiectomy excision of testicle,testis
orchitis inflammation of testis, testicle
pen/o penis
penile pt to penis
penoscrotal pt to penis and scrotum
prostat/o prostate gland
prostatitis inflammation of the proatae gland
prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland
semin/i semen,seed
seminiferous tubules tubules pt to bearing semen
sperm/o, spermat/o spermatozoa, semen
spermolytic pt to breaking down semen
oligospermia scanty semen
aspermia no semen
terat/o monster
teratoma benign, monster tumor
test/o testis, testicle
testicular pt to testicle
varic/o varicose veins
varicocele hernia of varicose veins
vas/o vessel, duct: vans deferens
vasectomy excision of vans deferens
zo/o animal life
azoospermia pt to no animal life in spermatazoa
-genesis formation
spermatogenesis formation of spermatozoa
testosterone testicle hormon
-one hormone
-pexy fixation, put in place
-stomy new opening
vasovasostomy new opening between vas deferens and vas deferens
bulbourethral glands pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra
ejaculation ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra
ejaculatory duct tube through which semen enters the male urethra
epididymis tightly coiled tubes on top of each testis
erectile dysfunction inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
flagellum hair like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile
fraternal twins two infants born from two separate egg cells
glans penis sensitive tip of the penis
identical twins two infants resulting from one fertilized egg
parenchyma the essential distinctive cells of an organ; the seminiferous tubules
penis male external organ of reproduction
perineum external region between anus and scrotum in the male
prepuce foreskin
prostate gland exocrine gland at the base of the urinary bladder
scotum external sac that contains the testes
semen spermatozoa sperm cells and seminal fuid (prostate and seminal vesicle secretions)
seminal vesicles paired sac-like male exocrine glands that secrete fluid into the vans deferens
seminiferous tubules narrow coiled tubules tha produce sperm in the tetis
spermatozoon sperm cell
sterilizaton removes an individuals ability to produce or release reproductive cells
stroma supportive,connective tissue of an organ
testis male gonad(testicle) that produces spermatoza
testosterone hormone sectreted by the interstitial tissue of the penis
vans deferens narrow tube(one on each side)that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body and towards the urethra
carcinoma of the testes (testicular cancer) malignant tumor of the testes,rare except the 15-35 age group most common a seminoma,teratoma,choriocarcinoma, and yolk sac tumor,
teratoma composed of tissue such as bone,hair,cartialge, and skin cells
seminoma most common tumor of testes, 15-35 year old
hCG protein produced along with alphafetoprotein are produced by tumors of the testes
cryptorchidism: cryptorchism undecended testicles, orchiopexy to repair condition
hydrocele sac of clear fluid in the scrotum, from infection or tumors,often idiopathic
testicular torsion twisting of the spermatic cord, cuts off blood supply to the testes during first year of life or puberty
varicocele enlarged dilated veins near the testicle,varicocelectomy
benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH) benign growth of cells within the prostate gland- 60year old men and up,urinary obstruction and inability to empty bladder, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)lasers or laser TURP or GreenLight PVP destroys obstruction using an endoscope
carcinoma of the prostrate (prostate cancer) Malignant tumor of the prostate gland occurs in men over 50
DRE Digital Rectal examination-can detect late stage tumors
PSA prostate-specific antigen test high levels indicate prostate cancer
TRUS transrectal ultrasound
hypospadias; hypospadia congenital abnormailty, in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis instead of its tip, corrected surgically
phimosis narrowing stricture of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis, can interfere with urination, infection, cured by circumcision
chlamydial infection bacterial invasion of the urethra and reproductive tract, buring with urination and discharge from penis, cured with antibiotics but untreated can turn into PID pelvic inflammatory disease
gonorrhea inflammation of the genital tract mucosa caused by infection with gonococci (berry shaped bacteria)causes dysuria, and pus filled discharge from the urethra, antibiotics are the cure
herpes genitalis infection of skin and genital mucosa, caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV)m syptoms are fluid filled blisters in herpes 2, fever headache malise, remission, relapse occur no cure
human palillomavirus (HPV)infection infection of the skin and mucous membanes in the anogenital region by the human papillomavirus, can cause genital warts and cancer in men and a vaccine is available for young girls and woman
syphilis chronic std caused by spirochete (spiral shaped bacterium)chancre, hard ulcer or sore appears on excternal genitals after two weeks, penicillan is efffective treatment
PSA test measurement of levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood
semen analysis microscopic examination of ejaculated fluid, sperm are counted and examined foe motility and shape
castration surgical excision of testicles or ovaries
circumcision surgical procedure to remoce prepuce of penis
DRE finger palpation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland
photoselective vaporization of the prostate (greenLight PVP) removal of tissue to treat benign protestic hyperplasia (BPH)using a greenlight laser (laser TURP)
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra, treats prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
vasectomy bilateral surgical removal of part of the vans deferens, sterile but not castrated
Created by: katwhitworth