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LOM Book Chapter 16

Language of Medicine Chapter 16 - Created by

abscess A cavity containing pus surrounded by inflamed tissue; usually the result of localized infection.
acne Chronic popular and pustular eruption of the skin with increased production of sebum.
actinic keratosis Thickened area of the epidermis associated with aging and skin damage due to sun exposure.
adipose Pertaining to fat.
albinism Inherited absence of pigment in the skin, hear, and eyes.
albino Individual lacking normal body pigment (melanin).
alopecia Baldness.
alopecia areata An idiopathic condition in which hair falls out in patches.
anhidrosis Absence of sweating.
atopic dermatitis Inflammation of skin (rash and intense itching) that tends to occur in patients with a family history of allergic reactions.
basal cell carcinoma Skin cancer arising from cells in the basal layer of the epidermis.
basal layer Lower layer of cells in the epidermis.
bulla (pl. bullae) Large blister.
callus Hard, thickened area of skin occurring in areas of the body exposed to friction or pressure.
causalgia Intense burning pain, often resulting from injury to a peripheral nerve.
cellulitis Diffuse, acute inflammatory infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain and swelling.
cicatrix Scar tissue.
collagen Protein found in skin and connective tissues.
crust Collection on the skin of dried sebum and cellular debris; scab.
curettage Scraping of material from the skin or from the wall of a cavity.
cuticle Small band of skin at the base of a nail.
cyst Thick-walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material.
decubitus ulcer Inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony part of the body; pressure ulcer; bedsore.
dermabrasion Treatment for removal of superficial scars or wrinkles on the skin using sandpaper-like material.
dermatologist Specialist in the study (diagnosis and treatment) of skin disorders.
dermatophytosis Fungal infection of the skin.
dermatoplasty Surgical repair of the skin.
dermis Middle layer of the skin.
diaphoresis Profuse sweating.
dysplastic nevi Numerous abnormal moles with irregular borders, indistinct margins, and mixed coloration; often precursors of malignant melanomas.
ecchymosis (pl. ecchymoses) Bleeding into the skin; bruise.
eccrine sweat gland Water-producing exocrine gland in the skin.
eczema Chronic dermatitis of unknown etiology, marked by redness, blisters, scales, and scabs.
electrocautery Use of a needle or snare heated by electric current to destroy or burn tissue (removal of warts, polyps).
electrodesiccation Destruction of tissue by burning with an electric spark.
epidermis Outer layer of the skin.
epidermolysis Loosening of outer layer of the skin with formation of large blisters (bullae).
epithelium Layer of skin cells covering the outer and inner surfaces of the body.
erosion Wearing away or loss of epidermis.
erythema Condition of redness of the skin.
erythematous Pertaining to redness of the skin.
exanthematous viral disease Rash (exanthema) of skin due to viral infection; measles (rubeola) and chicken pox (varicella) are examples.
fissure Groove or crack-like sore.
fungal tests Scrapings from skin lesions are sent to a laboratory for culture and microscopic examination for evidence of fungal growth.
gangrene Death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply.
hair follicle Tubular sac that holds the hair fiber.
ichthyosis Hereditary condition in which the skin resembles fish scales and is dry, rough, and scaly.
impetigo Inflammatory bacterial skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions.
integumentary system Skin and its accessory organs (hair, nails, sebaceous and sweat glands).
kaposi sarcoma Malignant tumor of skin and blood vessels; often associated with AIDS. Dark blue-purple patches form on the skin.
keloid Enlarged scar on the skin.
keratin Hard protein found in hair, nails, and the epidermis layer of skin.
keratosis Excessive development of hard, keratinized tissue on the skin.
leukoderma Areas of skin that lose their pigment and become white; vitiligo.
leukoplakia White plaques on mucous membranes and surfaces of the body.
lipocyte Fat cell.
lipoma Benign tumor of fatty tissue.
liposuction Removal of adipose (fatty) tissue with a suction pump device.
lunula Semicircular white arch near the root of the nail.
macule Pigmented spot on the skin; freckle.
malignant melanoma Cancerous skin tumor often arising in pre-existing moles (nevi).
melanin Black pigment produced by melanocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis.
melanocyte Cell in the basal layer of the epidermis that produces melanin.
mohs surgery Microscopically controlled excision of skin cancers.
mycosis Any disease caused by a fungus.
nevus (pl. nevi) Mole (pigmented lesion of the skin).
nodule Solid, round or oval, elevated skin lesion more than 1 cm in diameter.
onychomycosis Fungal infection of a nail.
papule Small, solid elevation of the skin, less than 1 cm in diameter.
paronychia Inflammation and swelling of the skin folds around a nail.
paronychium Soft tissue surrounding the nail border.
petechia (pl. petechiae) Small, pinpoint hemorrhages in the skin.
pilonidal cyst Sac of hair in the sacral region (above the cleft in the buttocks).
pilosebaceous Pertaining to hair follicles and sebaceous glands.
polyp Mushroom-like benign growth extending on a stalk from the surface of a mucous membrane.
pruritus Itching.
psoriasis Chronic, recurrent dermatosis characterized by scaly, dull red or pink patches covered by silvery gray scales.
purpura Bleeding into the skin; ecchymoses and petechiae.
purulent Forming or containing pus.
pyoderma Skin disease with formation of pus.
rhytidectomy Plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging.
rubella Exanthemous viral disease; German measles.
rubeola Exanthemous viral disease; measles.
scabies Contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritus (itching).
scleroderma Chronic and progressive disease of the skin with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue.
sebaceous cyst Sac-like cavity filled with a collection of yellowish, cheesy sebum and epithelial debris.
sebaceous gland Oil gland in the dermis layer of the skin.
seborrhea Condition marked by excessive secretion from sebaceous glands.
seborrheic dermatitis Inflammation of the skin with excessive secretion from sebaceous glands.
sebum Oily secretion from sebaceous glands in the skin.
skin biopsy Procedure to remove a suspected malignant lesion and send it to pathology laboratory for microscopic examination.
skin test Reaction of the body to a substance by observing the results of injecting the substance intradermally or applying it topically to the skin.
squamous cell carcinoma Skin cancer that develops from squamous epithelium.
squamous epithelium Flat, scale-like layer of cells in the epidermis or outer layer of the skin.
steatoma Collection of sebum in a cyst or sac-like formation.
stratified Arranged in layers.
stratum (pl. strata) A layer.
stratum corneum Outermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of flattened, keratinized cells.
subcutaneous layer Pertaining to the third layer of the skin, under the epidermis and dermis (cutaneous layers). The subcutaneous layer contains fatty tissue.
subungual Pertaining to under a nail.
systemic lupus erythematosus Chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints, and of internal organs.
tinea Fungal infection of the skin; tinea corporis (ringworm) and tinea pedis (athlete’s foot) are examples.
trichomycosis Fungal infection of hair, especially in the area under the arm (axilla).
ulcer Open sore on the skin or mucous membranes of the body.
urticarial Acute allergic reaction in which red, round, elevated swollen areas called wheals appear on the skin. Pruritus (itching) may be intense.
varicella Exanthamous viral disease marked by itchy red rash that develops into blisters and pustules and then scabs; chicken pox.
verruca (pl. verrucae) Small benign growth (wart) in the skin; caused by a virus.
vesicle Smaller blister, containing clear fluid, on the skin.
vitiligo Patches of white, unpigmented skin surrounded by areas of normal skin; leukoderma.
wheal Round elevation in the skin with a pale, whitish area surrounded by redness; hives.
xanthoma Soft, yellowish, round nodule found on the eyelids; xanthelasma.
xeroderma Dry skin.
Created by: mtathome
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