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15-Chapter

Vocabulary-Muscles

QuestionAnswer
abduction Movement away from the midline of the body
adduction Movement toward the midline of the body
dorsiflexion Backward (upward) bending of the foot
extension Straightening of a flexed limb
fascia Fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles
flexion Bending a limb: decreasing the angle between bones
insertion of a muscle Connection of the muscle to a bone that moves
origin of a muscle Connection of the muscle to a stationary bone
plantar flexion Bending the sole of the foot downward towards the ground
pronation Turning the palm down
rotation Circular movement around a centeral point
skeletal muscle Muscle connected to bones: voluntary or striated muscle
smooth muscle Visceral muscle
striated muscle Skeletal muscle
supination Turning the palm upward
visceral muscle Muscle connected to internal organs: involuntary or smooth muscle
muscular dystrophy Group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system
Duchenne muscular dystrophy Most common form, muscles appear to enlarge (pseudohypertrophy) as fat replaces functional muscle cells that have degenerated and atrophied
polymyositis Chronic inflammatory myopathy. This condition is marked by symmetrical muscle weakness and pain, often accompanied by a rash around the eyes and on the face and limbs.
Created by: ssereda