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Chabner, Ch2 Sect. I

Chabner, Language of Medicine 7th ed Chapter 2 Section I

anabolism process of building up complex materials from simple materials
catabolism process of breaking down complex materials to form simpler substances and release energy
cell membrane structure surrounding and protecting the cell.
chromosomes rod-shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes.
cytoplasm all the material that is outside the nucleus, yet contained within the cell membrane
DNA Chemical found within each chromosome
endoplasmic reticulum structure within the cytoplasm where large proteins are made.
ribosomes found on the endoplasmic reticulum
genes Regions of DNA within each chromosome.
karyotype Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell.
metabolism The total of the chemical processes in a cell. (includes both anabolism and catabolism)
mitochrondria Structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy.
nucleus Control center of the cell.
Created by: spicygrits