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LOM Book Chapter 9

Language of Medicine Chapter 9 - Created by MTatHome.com

androgen Male hormone producing or stimulating male characteristics. An example is testosterone.
anarchism Congenital absence of one or both testes.
aspermia Failure in a male sperm cells (spermatozoa) production as well as ejaculation of semen (fluid and sperm cells).
balanitis Inflammation of the glans penis.
bulbourethral One of a pair of exocrine glands, located on either side of the male urethra gland just below the prostate gland. It secretes fluid that is part of the semen; Cowper gland.
castration Removal of sex glands (gonads); ovaries or testes.
chancre Primary lesion of syphilis; a hard ulcer occurring at the site of entry of the bacterial infection and most frequently on the external genitalia of a male or female.
chlamydial infection Bacterial infection causing pelvic inflammation in the reproductive tract of women and men.
circumcision Surgical removal of the foreskin (prepuce) surrounding the end of the penis.
Cowper gland Bulbourethral gland.
cryogenic surgery Pertaining to destruction of tissue by producing cold temperatures.
cryptorchidism Undescended testicles.
ejaculation Ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra as a result of sexual stimulation.
ejaculatory duct Tube through which semen enters the male urethra.
embryonal carcinoma Malignant tumor of the testes.
epididymis One of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testis. It carries sperm cells to the vas deferens.
epididymitis Inflammation of an epididymis.
erectile dysfunction Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence.
eunuch An eunuch is a male who is castrated before reaching puberty.
flagellum A flagellum is a hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile.
fraternal twins Two infants born from a pregnancy resulting from fertilization of two separate ova.
glans penis Sensitive tip (surrounded by foreskin) of the penis.
gonorrhea Sexually transmitted disease; disease marked by gonococci and urethral discharge.
herpes genitalis Sexually transmitted infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals caused by the herpes simplex virus and marked by blisters.
hydrocele Hernia (sac) of fluid in the scrotal sac.
hypospadias Congenital anomaly in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis.
identical twins Two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two separate embryos.
impotence Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; erectile dysfunction.
interstitial cells In the testes, these cells lie between the seminiferous tubules and produce testosterone.
ligation Tying off a tube or blood vessel. Thread or wire is used.
oligospermia Scanty (less than the normal number of sperm in semen) sperm count.
orchiectomy Removal of a testicle.
orchiopexy Surgical fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum.
orchitis Inflammation of a testis.
parenchyma Functional, essential tissue of an organ. The seminiferous tubules are the parenchyma of the testis.
perineum In a male, the external area between the anus and scrotum. In a female, it is the external area between the anus and the vagina.
phimosis Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce (foreskin) over the glans penis.
prepuce Fold of skin covering the glans penis (tip of the penis); foreskin.
prostate gland Exocrine gland at the base of the urinary bladder in men. It secretes fluid (part of semen) into the urethra during ejaculation.
prostatectomy Removal (excision) of the prostate gland.
prostatic Increased growth of the prostate gland in numbers of cells. This is a hyperplasia benign condition (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH).
prostatitis Inflammation of the prostate gland.
purulent Pus-filled; forming or containing pus.
scrotum Sac that contains the testes and associated organs.
semen Fluid discharged at ejaculation; consisting of sperm cells and secretions from the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and bulbourethral glands.
seminal vesicle One of a pair of sac-like male exocrine glands lying behind the urinary (remove vesicle) bladder and opening into the vas deferens. It secretes fluid that is the major part of the semen.
seminiferous tubules Produce sperm in the testes.
seminoma Malignant tumor within a testis.
seminoma Formation of sperm cells.
spermatozoa Sperm Cells
spermatozoon Single sperm cell.
spermolytic Pertaining to destruction of sperm cells.
sterilization Procedure that removes an individual’s ability to produce or release reproductive cells.
stroma Supportive, connective tissue of an organ.
syphilis Sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria (spirochetes) A chancre (ulcer) on the genitalia is a characteristic lesion.
teratoma Malignant tumor of a testis or ovary; composed of embryonic cells that develop into different types of tissue.
testicular Pertaining to a testis or testicle.
testicular torsion Twisting of the spermatic cord and blood vessels of the testes.
testis Male gonad that produces spermatozoa (sperm cells) and the hormone, testosterone.
testosterone Male hormone secreted by the interstitial cells of the testes.
varicocele Enlarged, dilated veins near a testicle.
vas deferens Narrow tube (one on each side) that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body, around the urinary bladder toward the urethra.
vasectomy Removing a piece of each vas deferens and tying off each end.
vasovasostomy New opening (anastomosis) of the ends of a severed vas deferens. This surgical procedure reverses a vasectomy.
Created by: mtathome