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Med. Terminology pre

from AB to ULTRA

Ab- Away From - Abductor (leading away from)
Ad- To,Toward,Near to - Adductor (leading toward)
Ambi- Both - Ambidextrous (ability to use hands equally)
Amphi- About, on both sides, both - Amphibious (living on both land and water)
Ampho- Both - Amphogenic (producing offspring of both sexes)
Ana- Up, back, again, excessive - Anatomy (a cutting up)
Ante- Before, forward - Antecubital (before elbow
Anti- Against, opposed to, reversed - Antiperistalsis (reversed peristalsis)
Apo- From, away from - Aponeurosis (away from tendon)
Bi- Twice, double - Biarticulate (double joint)
Cata- Down, according to, complete - Catabolism (breaking down)
Circum- Around, about - Circumflex (winding about)
Com- With, together - Commissure (sending or coming together)
Con- With, together - Conductor (leading together)
Contra- Against, opposite - Contralateral (opposite side)
De- Away from - Dehydrate (remove water from)
Di- Twice, double - Diplopia (double vision)
Dia- Through, apart, across, completely - Diaphragm (wall across)
Dis- Reversal, apart from, separation - Disinfection (apart from infection)
Dys- Bad, difficult, disordered - Dyspepsia (bad digestion)
E-, ex- Out away from - Enucleate (remove from);exostosis (outgrowth of bone)
Ec- Out from - Ectopic (out of place)
Ecto- On outer side, situated on - Ectoderm (outer skin)
Em-, en- In - Empyema (pus in); encephalon (in the head)
Endo- Within - Endocardium (within heart); endometrium (within uterus)
Epi- Upon, on - Epidural (upon dura); epidermis (on skin)
Exo- Outside, on outer side, outer layer - Exogenous (produce outside)
Extra- Outside - Extracellular (outside cell)
Hemi- Half - Hemiplegia (partial paralysis)
Hyper- Over, above, excessive - Hyperemia (excessive blood)
Hypo- Under, below, deficient - Hypotension (low blood pressure)
Im-, in- In, Into - Immersion (act of dipping in); infiltration (act of filtering in)
Im-, in- Not - Immature (not mature); involuntary (not voluntary)
Infra- Below - Infraorbital (below eye)
Inter- Between - Intercostal (between ribs)
Intra- Within - Intracerebral (within cerebrum)
Intro- Into, within - Introversion (turning inward)
Meta- Beyond, after, change - Metamorphosis (change of form)
Opistho- Behind, backward - Opisthotic (behind ears); opisthognathous (beyond jaws)
Para- Beside, beyond, near to - Paracardiac (beside the heart); paraurethral (near the urethra)
Per- Through, excessive - Permeate (pass through)
Peri- Around - Periosteum (around bone)
Post- After, behind - Postoperative (after operation)
Pre- Before, in front of - Premaxillary (in front of maxilla)
Pro- Before, in front of - Prognosis (foreknowledge)
Re- Back, again,contrary - Reflex (bend back)
Retro- Backward,located behind - Retrocervical (located behind cervix)
Semi- Half - Semicartilaginous (half cartilage)
Sub- Under - Subcutaneous (under skin)
Super- Above, upper, excessive - Supercilia (upper brows)
Supra- Above, upper, excessive - Suprarenal (above kidney
Sym-,syndrome- Together, with - Symphysis (growing together); synapsis (joining together)
Trans- Across,through, beyond - Transection (cut across)
Ultra- Beyond, in excess - Ultraviolet (beyond violet end of spectrum)
Created by: SereneTouch