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Anatomy QIV:PIII

The Urinary System

three functions of the urinary system maintain chemical consistency of blood, filter many liters of fluid from blood, send wastes, toxins, and water out of the body
4 organs of the urinary system kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
uriniferous tubules composed of two main parts nephron, collecting ducts
nephron made up of two parts renal corpuscle, renal tubules
renal corpuscle made up of two parts glomerulus, bowman's capsule
tuft of blood capillaries surrounding the corpuscle glomerulus
capsule surrounding the corpuscle bowman's capsule
filtrate of blood leaves the kidney capillaries filtration
most nutrients, water, and essential ions reclaimed in resabsorption
active process of removing undesirable molecules secretion
receive urine from distal convoluted tubules collecting tubules
carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder ureters
a collapsible muscular sac which stores and expels urine urinary bladder
part of the male urethra which passes through the prostate gland prostatic urethra
part of the male urethra which passes through the urogenital diaphragm membranous urethra
part of the male urethra which passes through the length of the penis penile (spongy) urethra
three parts of the male urethra from proximal to distal prostatic, membranous, spongy (penile)
small lobes of the kidney outlined by vessels renal pyramids
space between the base of the renal pyramids and the capsule cortex
where the cortex dips between each of the renal pyramids renal column
the adipose capsule surrounding the kidney pararenal fat
the flow of urine from the renal corpuscle is (12 structures): renal corpuscle, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, distal convoluted tubule, collecting ducts, papillary ducts, minor calies, major calices, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, urethra
Created by: amyziolkowski



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