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The American Journey

"DMS" The American Journey Ch. 4

subsistence farming farmers produce just enough crops to meet the needs of their families, with little left over to sell or exchange
triangular trade a triangular shaped trading route that ships followed (for example, ships would bring sugar and molasses from West Indies to the America, American would make rum from the sugar and molasses and send it along with tools and iron to Africa and traded for en
cash crop crops that could be sold easily in markets in the colonies and overseas
diversity cultural differences (many types of people from different countries with different beliefs – religions – and ideas)
Tidewater a region of flat, lowing plans along the seacoast where large Southern plantations were located
backcountry a region of hills and forests west of the Tidewater and toward the Appalachian Mountains that was settled by newcomers who grew corn and tobacco on small farms bosses that kept the slaves working hard economic theory – as a nation’s trade grows, its
export to sell goods to another country
import to buy goods from another country
smuggling trading illegally with other nations (countries)
charter colony settlers are given a charger or grant of rights and privileges by Great Britain; they elect their own governors and member of the legislature (law) but Great Britain had the right to approve the governor
proprietary colony (proprietors) individuals or groups to whom Britain had granted land were the ones who rules and they could rule as they wished; they elected their own governors and members of legislature and the colonists in the colony elected the lower house.
royal colony Britain directly ruled these colonies; the king appointed the governor and council and they usually did what the king wanted.
apprentice learning assistance; craft workers taught them a trade
literacy the ability to read and write
Iroquois Confederacy included five Native American groups that began working together (Mohawks, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida)
militia a group of civilians (men) trained to fight in emergencies
alliance joining together; a union (for example, the French had an alliance with the Native Americans - they were friendly with one another and fought against the British)
speculator investors; people who give money so that a company can get started and then they hope to get MORE money back once the company starts making a lot of money
overseers bosses that kept the slaves working hard
mercantilism economic theory - as a nation's trade grows, its gold reserves increases and the nation becomes more powerful
Created by: tubbsdk
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