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Chap 6 Combining for

Combining forms, suffixes, prefixes

-ectasis, ectasia stretching, dilation, dilatation, widening
-emesis vomiting
-lysis destruction, breakdown, separation
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eating, swallowing
-plasty surgical repair
-ptosis drooping, sagging, protruding
-ptysis spitting
-rrhage, -rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction of muscles
-stasis stopping, controlling
-stenosis tightening, stricture, narrowing
-tresia opening
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
celi/o abdomen, belly
cheil/o lip
chol/e bile, gall
cholangi/o bile vessel
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon
colon/o colon
dent/i tooth
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestines
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat, lipid
lith/o stone
odont/o tooth
or/o mouth
palat/o palate
pancreatg/o pancreas
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pyloric sphincter
rect/o rectum
sialaden/o salivary gland
splen/o spleen
steat/o fat, lipid
stomat/o mouth
-pepsia digestion
-ptysis spitting
-emesis vomiting
-phagia eating, swallowing
-ptosis droop, sag, prolapse, fall
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy suture
-plasty surgical repair
-lysis breakdown, separation
-ectasis stretching, dilation
-stenosis tightening, stricture
-stasis stop, control, place
-spasm sudden contraction of muscles
-tresia opening
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
cholestasis stoppage of bile flow
herniorrhaphy suture of a hernia
lymphangiectasis dilation of lymph vessels
hemoptysis spitting up blood
hematemesis vomiting blood
bronchiectasis dilation of bronchial tubes
blepharoplasty surgical repair of the eyelid
hemostasis stopping blood flow
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
hemolysis destruction of red blood cells
pylorospasm involuntary contraction of pyloric sphincter
menorrhagia excessive bleeding during menstruation
bronchospasm involuntary contraction of muscles in the bronchial tubes
bronchiectasis abnormal widening of bronchial tubes
lymphangiectasia widening of lymph vessels
hematemesis vomiting blood
hemolysis destruction of red blood cells
dyspepsia painful digestion
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
polyphagia excessive eating
pyloroplasty surgical repair of pyloric sphincter
proptosis forward protrusion of the eyeball
hemoptysis spitting blood from respiratory tract
hemorrhage bursting forth of blood
menorrhagia excessive flow of blood during menstruation
herniorrhaphy suture of a hernia
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
pylorospasm involuntary contraction of pyloric sphincter
bronchospasm contraction of muscles of bronchial tubes
cholestasis stoppage of bile flow
hemostasis stoppage of blood flow by mechanical or clotting means
pyloric stenosis narrowing of pyloric sphincter
buccal pertaining to the cheek
cecal volculus abnormal twisting of the cecum
celiac disease autoimmune reaction to gluten heat barley, rye
cheilosis abnormal condition of the lip
cholelithiasis abnormal condition of forming gallstones
cholangitis inflammation of the bile vessel
cholecystectomy excision of gallbladder
choledochal pertaining to the common bile duct
colectomy excision of colon
colonoscopy visual exam of colon
dentalgia tooth pain
duodenal pertaining to the duodenum
gastroenteritis inflammation of stomach and intestines
esophageal atresia congenital absence of normal opening of esophagus to stomach
gastrojejunostomy new surgical opening between stomach and jejunum
gastrostomy new opening of stomach to outside of body
gingivectomy removal of gum tissue
glossectomy removal of the tongue
gluconeogenesis process of producing sugar from fats and proteins
glycogen storage form of glucose. Can be used to produce sugar when broken down
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of liver
herniorrhaphy suture of a hernia
ileostomy new opening of ileum to outside of body
cholecystojejunostomy new opening between gallbladder and jejunum
labiodental pertaining to the lips and teeth
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
lipase enzyme that breaks down fat. Produced by pancreas
cholecystolithiasis abnormal condition of stones in gallbladder
periodontal membrane membrane surrounding the tooth in its socket
oropharynx central portion of the throat, just beyond the mouth
palatoplasty surgical repair of the palate to correct a cleft palate
pancreatic pertaining to the pancreas
pancreatoduodenectomy Whipple procedure
proctosigmoidoscopy visual exam of anus, rectum and sigmoid colon
pyloric stenosis narrowing of pyloric sphincter
rectal carcinoma malignant tumor of the rectum
sialadenoctomy excision of a salivary gland
splenic flexure downward bend of colon on left side of body
steatorrhea discharge of fat in feces
aphtous stomatitis inflammation of the mouth by small painful blisters; canker sores
Created by: dgottofrey