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LOM ch 2

LOM ch2 terms for whole body

Abdominal Pertaining to the abdomen
Adipose Pertaining to fat
Anterior Pertaining to the front
anabolism Process of casting up
Cervical Pertaining to the neck
Chondroma Tumor of cartilage
Chondrosarcoma Flesh malignant tumor of cartilage
chromosomes "Color bodies"; contain genetic material and located in cell nucleus
coccygeal Pertaining to the tailbone
craniotomy Incision of the skull
cytoplasm Contents of the cell apart from nucleus and cell membrane
Distal Pertaining to far (from the beginning of a structure)
Dorsal Pertaining to the back
Histology Study of tissues
Iliac Pertaining to the ilium
Inguinal Pertaining to the groin
Karyotype Picture of the nucleus and it's chromosomes
Lateral Pertaining to the side
Lumbar region Loin (waiste)region (L1-L5)
Cartilage Flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints
Catabolism Breaking down of complex materials to form simpler substances and release energy
Caudal Pertaining to the tail or lower portion of body
Coccyx Tailbone
Cranial Pertaining to the skull
Deep Away from the surface
Diaphragm Muscle separating abdominal and thoracic cavities
Disk (Disc) The small pad within the space in between vertebrae
endoplasmic reticulum Site within cytoplasm in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces
epigastric region Region above the stomach
epithelial cells Skin cells that cover the external body surface and line internal organs
Frontal plane Vertical plane dividing structure (body) into anterior and posterior portions
Genes Regions of DNA within each chromosome
Hypochondriac region right and left upper regions beneath the ribs
Hypogastric region Middle lower region below the umbilical region
Intervertebral Pertaining to between vertebre
Lumbosacral Pertaining to the lumbar and sacral regions
Medial Pertaining to the middle
Mediastinum Centrally located space between the lungs
Metabolism The total of the chemical processes in a cell. It includes catabolism and anabolism
Mitochondria Structures in cyctoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy
nucleic Pertaining to the nucleus
Nucleus Control center of the cell that contains chromosomes and directs activities of the cell
Pelvic Pertaining to the pelvis (bones in the region of the hip)
Pelvic cavity Space below abdomen containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs
Peritoneum Double-layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs
Pharynx The throat which serves as the passageway for food and air
Pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain
Pleura Double-layered membrane surrounding each lung
Pleural cavity Space between the pleural membranes
Posterior Pertaining to the back/behind
Prone Lying on the belly
Proximal Near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of the structure
Sacral Pertaining to the sacrum (lower back)
Sacrum Five bones (S1-S5) are fused to form this bone in the spinal cord
Spinal Pertaining to the spine (back bone)
Spinal cavity Space between the spinal column (backbones) and containing the spinal cord
spinal column Bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
Spinal cord Nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
Superficial On the surface
Supine Lying on the back
Thoracic cavity Chest region
Thoracotomy Incision of the chest
Thyroid gland Endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck
Trachea The windpipe
Tracheal Pertaining to the windpipe
Tranverse plane Horizontal plane running across the body parallel to the ground.
Umbilical region Central region near the navel
Ureter One of two tubes, each leading from a single kidney to the urinary bladder
Urethra Tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
Uterus The womb. The organ that holds the embryo/fetus as it develops
Ventral Pertaining to the belly side of the body
vertebra Bone of the spinal column
Vertebrae Bones of the spinal column(Plural)
Vertebral Pertaining to the vertebrae
Viscera Internal organs
visceral Pertaining to internal organs
cell membrane Structure surrounding and protecting the cell. It determines what enters and leaves the cell
cephalic above another structure; pertaining to the head
larynx "voice box", located at teh upper part of the trachea
sagittal plane lengthwise, vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides
sarcoma tumor of flesh tissue
Created by: mscardenas