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LOM - Ch 7

LOM - Ch 7 - Urinary System

caliectasis dialtion of a calyx
caliceal pertaining to a calyz
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystectomy removal of the urinary bladder
cystostomy new opening of the bladder to the outside of the body
glomerular capsule pertaining to the capsule surrounding each glomerulus; bowman capsule
meatal stnosis naroowing of the meatus (opening of the urethra to the outside of the body)
paranphric pertaining to near the kidney
nephropathy disease of the kidney
nephroptosis downward displacement of a kidney
nephrolithotomy incision to remove a kidney stone
hydronephrosis condition of excess fluid in the kidney
nephrostomy new opening of the kidney to the outside of the body
pyelolithotomy incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone
renal ischemia holding back of blood flow to the kidney
renal colic kendyu pain resulting from a stone in the ureter or kidney
trigonitis inflammation of the trigon (area in the bladder)
ureteroplasty surgical repair of a ureter
ureteroileostomy new opening between a ureter and the ileum (for removal or urine after cystectomy)
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urethroplasty surgical reapir of the urethra
urethral stricture narrowing of the urethra
intravesical pertaining to within the bladder
vesicoureteral reflux backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureters
albuminuria protein in the urine
azotemia nitrogen (increased amounts of nitrogenous waste) in the blood
bacteriuria bacteria in urine
polydipsia condition of increased thirst
hyperkalemia heigh levels of potassium in the blood
ketosis abnormal condition of ketones in the blood and body tissues
ketonuria keone bodies (acids and acetone) in tghe urine
nephrolithiasis abnormal condition of kidney stones
hyponatremia low levels of sodium in the blood
nocturia excessive urination at night
oliguria scanty urination
erythropoietin hormone secreted by the kidney to increase red blood cell formation in the bone marrow
pyuria pus in the urine
lithotripsy process of crushing a stone in the urinary tract
uremia urea (urine) in the blood; a potentially fatal condition
enuresis bedwetting
diuresis condition of complete (excessive) urination
antidiuretic hormone secreted by the pituitary gland and helps reabsorb water from the renal tubules back into the bloodstream
urinary incontinence inability to hold urine in the bladder
urinary retention inability to realease urine from the bladder
dysuria painful, difficult urination
hematuria blood in the urine
glycosuria sugar in the urine
polyuria excessive urination
acetone a type of ketone biody; are formed when fatty acids are broken down
antidiuetic hormone secreted by the pituitary gland and helps reabsorb water from the renal tubules back into the bloodstream
anuria No urine is produced
arteriole Small artery
calyx Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
catheter Tube for injecting or removing fluids
cortex Outer region f an organ; the renal cortex is the outer region of the kidney
cortical pertaining to the cortex
creatine Nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
creatinine clearance is a measure of the efficiency of the kidneys in removing (clearing) creatinine from the blood
cystoscopy Direct visualization of teh urethra and urinary bladder with an endoscope (cystoscope)
diabetes insipidus Antidiuretic hormone is not secreted adequately, or the kidney is resistant to its effect
diabetes mellitus Insulin is not secreted adequately or not used propertly in the body
edema swelling caused by fluid in tissue spaces
electrolyte Chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water
essential hypertension when the cause of high blood pressure is not known.
filtration Process whereby some substances, but not all, pass through a filter.
glomerulonephritis Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
glomerulus Tiny ball of capillaries in te kidney
hemodialysis uses an artificial kidney machine that recieves waste-filled blood, filters it, and returns the dialyzed blood to patient's body
hilum Depression in an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave
interstitial nephritis Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the renal tubules
kidney One of the two bean-shaped organs on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region; it filters nitrogenous wastes from the bloodstream to and from urine
meatus opening or canal
medulla Inner region of an organ
medullary pertaining to the medulla
nephron Combination of glomerulas and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretion take place in the kidney
nephrotic syndrome Groups of clinical signs and symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in urine
nitrogenous waste substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine
parenchyma is the essential and distinctive tissue of an organ
peritoneal dialysis uses a peritoneal catheter to introduce fluid into the peritoneal cavity.
phenylketonuria (PKU) lack of Phenylketones, which results in high levels of phenylalanine in an infants bloodstream
polycystic kidney disease Multiple fluid-filled cacs (cysts) within and on the kidney
potassium (K+) An electrolyte regulated by the kidney so that a proper concentration is maintained in the blood. Potassium is essential for allowing muscle contraction and conduction of nervous impulses
pyelonephritis Inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma
reabsorption process whereby renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream
renal angiography x-ray examination(with contrast) fo the blood vessels of the kidney
renal angioplasty Dialation of narrowed areas in renal arteries
renal artery Blood vessel that carrries blood to the kidney
renal calculi Kidney stones
renal cell carcinoma cancerous tumor of the kidney in adulthood
renal failure Kidney decreases excretion of wastes as a result of impaired filtration function
renal hypertension High blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
renal pelvis Central collecting region of the kidney
renal transplantation Surgical transfer of a kidney from a donor to a recipient
renal tubule Microscopic tubes in the kidney where urine is formed after filtration
renal vein Blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and towards the heart
renin Hormone secreted by the kidney; it raises blood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels)
retrograde pyelogram x-ray imaging of the renal pelvis and ureters after injection of contrast through a urinary catheter into the ureters from the bladder
secondary hypertention high blood pressure caused by an abnormal condition.
sodium An electrolyte regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys: needed for proper transmission of nerve impulses, heart activity, and other metabolic functions
stricture abnormal opening of an opening or passageway
trigone Trinagular area of the urinary bladder
urea Major nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
ureter One of the two tubes leading from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
urethra Tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
uric acid Nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine
urinalysis examiination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements tha may indicate various pathologic conditions
urinary bladder Hollow; muscular sac that holds and stores urine
urinary catheterization Passage of a flexible, tubular instrument through the urethra into the urinary bladder
urination (voiding) Process of expelling urine; also called micturition
voiding cystourethrogram x-ray record (with contrast) of the urinary bladder and urethra obtained wehile the patient is voiding
Wilms tumor Malignant tumor of the kidney occuring in childhood
Created by: mscardenas