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CDC 1-2

Kidneys

QuestionAnswer
_____ is the concave or indented portion of the kidneys, where blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, nerves and the ureter connect to the kidney (fig. 3-8). These structures enter into a hollow chamber known as the renal sinus. renal pelvis
Within each kidney there are two main areas. The outer area is the ______. The primary purpose of the ______ is to protect the vital kidney functions that occur within the renal medulla. renal cortex
Each kidney contains approximately one million microscopic structures called _____. nephrons
Within each kidney there are two main areas. The outer area is the _____ and the inner portion is the _____. renal cortex and renal medulla
Extending from the renal pelvis of each kidney is a tubular structure known as the ______ adults, each _____ is approximately 10 inches long. The _____ are muscular organs that provide a passage for urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. ureter
The _____ is the final passageway urine passes through. In adult males, the urethra is approximately 6 inches long; in females, it is approximately 1½ inches long urethra
The urethra leads to the exterior of the body through an opening called the ______. urinary meatus.
In both the male and female, there are two sphincter muscles in the urethra. The ______ is an involuntary muscle located at the base of the bladder. internal sphincter
In both the male and female, there are two sphincter muscles in the urethra.The ______ is under voluntary control. external sphincter
The ______ within each kidney filter the blood to remove metabolic waste products and to regulate water and electrolyte concentrations within the body fluids. nephrons
As the blood enters the glomerulus, it is filtered by the _____ there capillaries
Created by: jhey33