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Surface Anatomy and Markings

In a surface projection, where is the gall bladder located? Tip of costal cartilage 9
In a surface projection, where is the right colic flexure located? Deep to costal cartilage 10
In a surface projection, where is the base of the appendix (McBurney's point) located? Junction of the lower 1/3 and middle 1/3 of a line connecting the umbilicus and the anterior superior iliac spine.
In a surface projection, where is the transpyloric plane located? Halfway between suprasternal notch and the pubis. One hand breadth below the xiphoid.
In a surface projection, where is the left colic flexure located? Left hypochondrium deep to costal cartilage 8.
In a surface projection, where is the transverse colon located? Level of the umbilicus.
In a surface projection, the lower border of the liver extends along a line from the right ____ rib to the left ____ rib. 10; 5
Give the spinal level of the aorta bifurcation. L4
Using vertebral levels, where do the kidneys lie when in the supine position? Do they move in the erect position, if so how far? T12 to L3; They move superiorly one inch in the erect position.
What is the vertebral level for the xiphoid process? T9
What is the vertebral level for the subcostal plane? L3
What is the vertebral level for the intertubercular or transtubercular plane? L5
In a surface projection, where is the spleen located? Deep to the left 9th, 10th, and 11th ribs and just posterior to the midaxillary line.
Besides the pylorus, give 2 specific parts of viscera through which the transpyloric plane passes? Duodenojejunal junction, neck of pancreas and the hila of kidneys.
The umbilicus is a variable landmark. In the normal adult it lies at the junction of what vertebrae? L3-L4
What is the vertebral level of the esophageal hiatus? T10
What is the vertebral level of the aortic hiatus? T12
Created by: sdschwartz



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