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Pathology QIV:QI

Diseases of the Respiratory System

name the seven structures which air passes through upon breathing in nose (nasal passage), pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
gas exchange in the lungs external respiration
gas exchange at the systemic capillaries internal respiration
serous membrane surrounding each lung pleura
coryza also known as the common cold
is the common cold an infection of the upper respiratory tract or the lower respiratory tract? upper respiratory tract
two most common causes of coryza rhinovirus, coronavirus
inflammation of the nasal passages rhinitis
inflammation of the paranasal sinuses sinusitis
inflammation of the throat pharyngitis
inflammation of the voice box laryngitis
form of allergy resulting from hyper sensitivity to various grass and tree pollens hay fever
congestion and runny nose associated with hay fever is caused by edematous fluid secreted because of what product of antigenic action? histamines
a common viral infection affecting the URT influenza
inflammation of the windpipe tracheitis
inflammation of the bronchi bronchitis
a form of allergy characterized by hypersecretion of mucus and spasms of the bronchial muscles asthma
inflammation of the lungs, generally with collection of inflammatory exudates in the alveoli pneumonia
another name for pneumonia pneumonitis
is pneumonia an URT or LRT concern? lower respiratory tract
a common form of pneumonia localized in one or two lobes of the lungs lobar pneumonia
lobar pneumonia is commonly caused by what causative agent? Steptococcus pneumonia
inflammation of the pleura (serous membranes of the lungs) pleuritis (pleurisy)
primarily an inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles, tends to be scattered throughout the lungs bronchial pneumonia
inflammatory exudates of the pleura are prurulent (contain pus)-two names empyema, pyothorax
collection of blood in the pleural cavities hemothorax
when the fluids collecting in the pleural cavity are watery-two names pleural effusion (hydrothorax)
collection of air in the pleural cavities pneumothorax
collapsed lung atelectasis
long term, chronic deterioration of lung tissue emphysema
the end result of emphysema, destruction of alveolar walls and joining together into functionless sacs called bullae
an umbrella term encompassing the various conditions which cause long term interference with the normal respiratory exchange of gases chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
a condition which affects several body systems, but particularly those with exocrine secretory functions, mucous membranes of the respiratory tract are affected cystic fibrosis
infiltration of discoloration of the lungs due to prolonged inhalation of dust pneumoconiosis
inhalation of the particles of silica stone dust silicosis
inhalation of coal dust, black lung disease anthracosis
inhalation of asbestos fibers asbestosis
communicable LRT disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis tuberculosis
affects the lungs, most common form of TB, may also affect other body organs pulmonary tuberculosis
TB which spreads through the blood and lymph vessels, tubercles formed resemble millet seeds-two names disseminated (miliary) tuberculosis
TB characterized by the formation of lesions called tubercles chronic tuberculosis
soft cheese-like mass that forms within tubercles caseous necrosis
liquefaction of a tubercle cold abscess
growth of a tubercle erodes the wall of a bronchus and the contents are thrown off into the air passage way, leaving an empty cavity cavitation
spitting up of blood, associated with TB hemoptysis
cancer of one of the main bronchi bronchogenic carcinoma
Created by: amyziolkowski