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HazMat 2

QuestionAnswer
Action options and response objectives Offensive Defensive Nonintervention
Action options and response objectives are based on Estimated Outcomes Stage of the incident Strategic Goals
greatest level of respiratory, skin, and eye protection is required Level A
Vapor protective suits should meet the requirements of NFPA 1991
Used when site and work operations involve a high potential for splash, immersion, or exposure to unexpected vapors, gases, or particulates of material that are harmful to skin. Level A
Who approves the SCBA NIOSH
Used when the highest level of respiratory protection is necessary but a lesser level of skin protection Level B
Used when vapors/gases have been identified but are not known to contain high levels of chemicals harmful to skin or capable of being absorbed through the intact skin Level B
Hooded chemical-resistant clothing must meet the requirements of NFPA 1992
Which Level of protection protects best against liquid splash Level B
Used when concentrations and types of airborne substances are known and the criteria for using air-purifying respirators are met Level C
Used when contaminants, liquid splashes, or other direct contact will not adversely affect or be absorbed through any exposed skin Level C
Atmospheric concentration of chemicals must not exceed immediately dangerous to life and health levels. Level C
Protects against Biological chemicals Level C
Used when the atmosphere contains no known hazard Level D
Preclude splashes, immersion, or the potential for unexpected inhalation of contact with hazardous levels of any chemicals. Level D
Fire entry and Proximity suits are what types of PPE Thermal
Lead Aprons are what type of PPE Radiological
TYCHEM, JLIST, and STEPO are what type of PPE Chemical
Primary respirator worn by fire fighters SCBA
Units are most commonly rated at 30 to 60 minutes. SCBA
How long is the SAR hose? 300 ft
How many sizes of cylinders does the escape unit have? two
What sizes of cylinders does the escape unit have? 5 and 10 minutes
What does the air supply on the SAR deliver? air
respiratory protection designed for use in environment that contains enough oxygen to sustain life Air purifying respirator
Name of Chemical Concentration Hazard are things to consider while selecting what Expected Exposure Respiratory Protection
The minimum level of protection OSHA requires in an emergency response is SCBA
What type of assessment must be done before picking chemical-protective clothing risk
Suit integrity, Chemical resistance, Physical Properties, and design features are selection factors for what chemical protective clothing
The result of __________ is an increased likelihood that a hazardous material will permeate and penetrate the garments Degradation
Type of degradation that weakens the material by exposure to chemicals. Chemical
Caused by rubbing against rough surfaces, or leaning/brushing against sharp objects. Physical Degradation
Stiffness or excess pliability, Tears, cuts, and abrasions, Damage to zippers or closures, and soft or sticky areas are indications of material degradation
Movement of a chemical through suits closures, cracks or tears Penetration
Process which a hazardous material moves through a given material on the molecular level Permeation
A disadvantage of Type 1 is communications
Advantage: cools entire body Disadvantage: requires an airline and large amounts of breathable air Air cooled
Advantage:inexpensive and lightweight, improve worker comfort, decrease lens fogging, and are "user friendly" Disadvantage: Add additional bulk and weight to the responders equipment, require an ice source at the scene Ice cooled
Advantages: most effective, can also be used as a warming system in cold conditions Disadvantage: adds weight and bulk, requires an ice supply Water cooled
Advantage: creates a constant temperature and works in harmony with the body, works according to the same principles as a conventional refrigerator Disadvantage: Cost and requires ice water to cool vest Phase change technology
While selecting protective clothing use the criteria established by EPA and OSHA
what is Low dexterity, Low visibility, and communication issues. Physical Stresses
Claustrophobia is what type of stress Psychological
Excessive sweating, urge to defecate, and weakness are symptoms of what heat stress Heat exhaustion
Weakness, confusion, seizures, and stomach pains are symptoms for what type of heat stress Heatstroke
Muscle cramps, weakness, and heavy perspiration are symptoms of what type of heat stress Heat cramps
Can cause a chemical reaction and spontaneously combust Adsorption
The interaction of a hazardous liquid and a solid sorbent surface which stays rigid, with no volume increase. Adsorption
Although they are more suited for decontaminating the are around the spill or the equipment they can be used to decontaminate personnel Absorption
Process by which materials hold liquids Absorption
applying a cover of gas over the surface of a hazardous material; usually a liquid Blanketing
Protect or contain the stored product to prevent it from harming personnel, equipment, or the environment Blanketing
Temporary method of confinement, it may be necessary to consult with a product specialist first Covering
barriers constructed to prevent or reduce the quantity of liquid flowing into the environment Damming
A barrier across a waterway to stop/control the product flow and pick up the liquid or solid contaminants Damming
Spill control tactic used to trap floating lighter-than-water materials behind the damn (specific gravity <1) Underflow
Spill control tactic used to trap sinking heavier-than-water materials behind the dam (specific gravity >1) Overflow
Method of confinement by which barriers are constructed to control the movement of liquids, sludge, solids, or other materials Diking
Prevents the passage of the hazardous material from entering an area where it will produce more harm. Diking
barriers constructed on ground or placed in a waterway to intentionally control the movement of a hazardous material. Diversion
Most permanent form of confinement, where liquid is temporarily contained in an area where it can be neutralized, or picked up for proper disposal. Retention
Usually conducted by a technician with a tank car specialty, cargo tank specialty, or intermodal tank specialty; cleanup company; or by personnel from the shipper or manufacturer Transfer
Water spray or fans are used to reduce the concentration of a gas below the lower flammable limit Vapor dispersion
Disperse or move the vapors away from certain areas or materials Vapor dispersion
Reduce or eliminate the vapors emanating from a a spilled or released material Vapor suppression
The safety and control plan must be included as part of what plan Incident Control Plan
Could include ; Command post, control zones, entry objectives, on-scene organization and control. Incident action plan elements
Analysis of hazard and risk, site map or sketch, site work/control zones, use of the buddy system. are elements of what plan Site Safety Plan
When is the safety briefing given? Prior to working on the scene
Procedures for conducting safety briefings should be outlined in the organizations Standard Operating Procedures
Who are safety briefings given to? All Personnel
The incident commander, branch officers, and all hazardous materials responders have to meet all the competencies of their appropriate levels in accordance with NFPA 472
Hot and warm zones are supervised by a branch officer
Medical monitoring of all responders is accomplished before they can proceed to work in PPE, in accordance with NFPA 471
who is in charge of the guidelines for flammable vapors EPA
Continue working with caution <10% LEL
Continue working with continuous monitoring 10% to 25% LEL
withdraw or evacuate >25% LEL
Pre-entry activities to be performed must be consistent with LERP
who regulates confined space operations OSHA
Procedures, equipment, and safety precautions for preserving and collecting legal evidence at hazardous material/WMD incident is consistent with IAW organizational SOP/SOG
Established when the first unit arrives on scene and is maintained until the last unit leaves the scene Command
important element in multijurisdictional or multiagency domestic incident management Unified Command
Location near the scene of the emergency where the primary tactical level, coordination, control, communications are centralized and incident command functions are performed Incident Command Post
Location at which temporary logistics functions for an incident are coordinated and administered Base
Where reserves of personnel and other resources can be placed Staging area
Which regulation determine the qualifications for the IC OSHA HAZWOPER
Consist of the safety officer, the liaison officer, and the public information officer Command Staff
Has the responsibility to identify and evaluate hazards and to provide direction with respect to the safety of operations for the emergency at hand Safety Officer
Why do you bond or ground trucks during transfer? Shock hazards
What kind of pump does the; (DOT-406, MC-306),(DOT-407, MC-307), (DOT-412, MC-312) have? Power take-off
what are the questions; Is the incident stabilizing?, Is the incident increasing in intensity?, asked during Evaluating the effectiveness of personnel
What are the three components of a debriefing? Direction, Participation, Solutions
When should the debrief take place as soon as practical
Who should be involved in the debrief? all participants
Three components of a critique Direction, Participation, Solutions
Who should be involved in a critique Representitives responding agencies or groups that were on scene/ individuals responsible for training
How long are exposure records kept? 30 years after employment
Created by: ellacannella