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CDC 1-2

Physiology of the Lymphatic System

QuestionAnswer
Excess fluid from the body tissues enters the lymphatic capillaries. Once the fluid is inside the capillaries, it is known as _____. lymph
2 Functions of Lymphatic System are: 1. to help maintain a proper fluid balance by removing excess fluid from the interstitial spaces that exist between cells and within most body tissues, 2. and to help defend the body against infection
______ run parallel to the capillaries of the circulatory system. They are microscopic tubes that extend into the spaces within the body tissues (interstitial spaces). Like blood capillaries, ______ have a thin membrane wall. Lymphatic capillaries
Lymphatic capillaries merge and form ______. These vessels are similar to the veins in structure. lymphatic vessels
The larger lymphatic vessels lead to special organs called lymph nodes. _____ act as the filters of the lymphatic system. Lymph nodes
The vessels that lead into the node are called ______. afferent lymphatic vessels
The vessels that lead out of the node are known as ______. efferent lymphatic vessels
After lymphatic vessels pass through the lymph nodes, they merge to form larger vessels known as ______. Each of these trunks is named according to the body region that it serves. lymphatic trunks
All of the lymphatic trunks join to form one of the two collecting ducts in the body. These two ducts are the ______ and ______. thoracic duct and the right lymphatic duct.
The thoracic duct joins with the ______. The merging of these two ducts with the left and right subclavian veins is what ties the lymphatic system to the circulatory system. left subclavian vein
The right lymphatic duct joins with the _____. The merging of these two ducts with the left and right subclavian veins is what ties the lymphatic system to the circulatory system. right subclavian vein
The _____ is a lymphatic organ with a function closely related to that of the lymph nodes. It is located in the mediastinum, anterior to the aorta and posterior to the sternum. The _____ extends from the base of the neck to the pericardium. thymus
Like the thymus, the _____ is a specialized organ of the lymphatic system with a function similar to that of the lymph nodes. It is located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen, inferior to the diaphragm and posterior to the stomach. spleen
Created by: jhey33