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Circulatory system 2

circulatory system

QuestionAnswer
The Circulatory System consists of: Arteries, Veins, Vessels, and Heart
What are the 2 sub systems the circulatory system is devided into? Cardiovascular and Lymph
The part of the cardiovascular system where blood is circulated through the heart, to the lungs and back to the heart is called? Pulmonary
The part of the cardiovascular system where blood is circulated through the entire body(except the lungs) is called? systemic
Discribe what is happening when blood is transported through the lungs The blood becomes oxygenated and rids of Co2
The largest artery of the body is the Aorta
The purpose of valves is to Allow blood to fow in one direction
List some functions of blood: Carry H2O, ogygen, & food secretions to body cells, carry Co2 away and protect body from harmfull bacteria and equalize temperature.
Veins carry what tye of blood? deoxygenated
Arteries carry what type of blood? Oxygenated
Which chambers of the heart have thin walls? veins
Which chambers of the heart have thick walls? arteries
What is the name of the cavity in which the heart lies chest
The normal temperature of the human body is approximatly______? 37 degrees celcius
What componant is NOT present in tissue fluid? Red Blood Cells
What chemical is NOT transported in the liqjuid part of the blod? Fibrin
The percentage of water in the blood plasma is 90%
Which component of blood transports oxygen? Erythrocytes
Which is NOT a component of human blood? Fibroblasts
The cells responsible for the defence of the body are: white blood cells
The blood cells which do not have a nucleus are:? erythrocytes
Blood cells are formed in the:? bones
The destruction of red blood cells are made in the:? liver
After birth, red blood cells are made in the:? bone marrow
Which mineral is used to produce haemoglobin:? iron
The function of white blood cells is to:? destroy bacteria
The name of the substances which stimulate the production of anit-bodies in the blood is called:? antigens
The component of blod responsible for the manufacture of antibodies is:? lymphocytes
the substances produced in the body which destroy or neutralize foreign substances are called antibodies
defence against antigens des not take place by erythrocytes
the component of blood mostly concerned with the control of infection is white blood cells
The component of blod which plays an important role in clotting is platelets
the primary function of thromocytes is to play a role in blood clotting
what vitamin causes an increase in clotting time of blood when it is deficient K
when blood clots, the soluble substance which becomes insoluble is called fibrinogen
calcium in the blood is necessary for blood coagulation
deoxygenated blood enters the heart by the right atrium
the name of the cavity in which th heart lies is called pericardial cavity
When the ventricles of the heart contract the aortic and pulmonary valves open
blood is prevented from returning to the ventricles after they have completed their contractions by the semilunar valves
what chamber of the heart pumps blood to the lungs? right ventricle
the average rate of the heart beat of a healthy adult in rest in number of beats per minute is 70
the right ventricle and the left atrium are connected by the pulmonary circulation
the blood vessel that collects blood from the digestive organs is the hepatic portal vein
The blood vessel which has thick muscular walls and carries de-oxygenated blood is the pulmonary artery
the right ventricle of the heart is the beginning of the pulmonary circulation
after leaving the rigt ventricle, blood is pumped to the Pulmonary artery
The characteristic the CANNOT be applied to veins is that they always carry blood away from the heart
the INCORRECT statement about arteries is that they have valves
a characteristic of ALL arteries (except pulmonary arteries) is that they transport blood rich in oxygen
arteries have an elastic wall
the muscle tissure located whiin the walls of blood vessels is smooth muscle tissue
the extremely thin walls of capillaries are made of only endothelium
tissue fluid leaves the capillaries by diffusion
the function of capillaries is NOT for the purpose of the destruction of antigens
the lymphatic vessel that gathers most of the lymph is the thoracic duct
the liquid which carries dissolved substances from capillaries to cells and back is tissue fluid
macrophages and lymphocytes that filter lymph are situated in the lymph nodes
fat is transported through the circulatory system by lymph
The fluid between the cells is driven along by: pressure from the contracting muscles around them
the location of the spleen is to the left of the body under the diaphragm
after leaving the left ventricle, blood flows from the heart to the aorta
the name of the vessel taking blood from the stomach to the liver is called the hepatic portal vein
the blood vessel which discharges into the right atrium is the inferior vena cava
the blood vessel NOT connected to the liver is the inferior vena cava
blood is carried to the liver through the hepatic artery and hepatic portal vein
the name of the vessel that takes blood from the liver to the vena cava is the hepatic vein
Created by: chandabear