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Chapter 20

Reproductive system

QuestionAnswer
Spermatogenesis takes place in the ________. Testes
During spermatogenisis, each cell that undergoes meiosis produces _________ functional sperm cells. Four
The process of meiosis in the testes is called ____________. Spermatogenesis
Oogenesis takes place in the ________. Ovaries
During Oogenesis each cell that ungergoes meiosis produces _________ functional egg cell. One
When does the process of Oogenesis begin? Puberty
When does the process of Oogenesis end? Menopause
Polar bodies are produced in the process of _________. Oogenesis
Polar bodies produced in the process of Oogenesis will__________. Disintegrate
In the testes, what hormone is produced that initiates sperm production? FSH
In the testes, what hormone promotes maturation of sperm? Testosterone
In spermatogenesis, what hormone stimulates secretion of testosterone? LH
In spermatogenesis, what hormone decreases the secretion of FSH? Inhibin
In spermatogenesis, what hormones are directly necessary for normal sperm production? FSH and testosterone
In the ovary, what hormone initiates development of the ovum? FSH
FSH is the hormone in the ovary that initiates the development of the _______. Ovum
In the ovary, FSH is secreted by the ___________ gland. Anterior pituitary
In the ovary, what hormone stimulates the secretion of estrogen? FSH
In the ovary, FSH is the hormone that stimulates the secretion of _____________. Estrogen
In Oogenesis, what hormones are necessary for the production of a mature ovum? FSH and estrogen
In Oogenesis, FSH and estrogen are necessary for the producion of _______________. A mature ovum
What hormone promotes the release of and ovum from a mature ovarian follicle? FH
FH is the hormone that promotes the release of and ovum from a _________________. Mature ovarian follicle
What hormones does the corpus luteum of the ovary secrete? Estrogen and progesterone
The corpus luteum of the __________ secretes the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovary
What hormone stimulates the secretion of progesterone? LH
LH is the hormone that stimulates the secretion of ___________. Progesterone
LH is secreted by the ______________ gland. Anterior pituitary
Within the testes, where are sperm produced? Seminiferous tubules
Where are the testes located? In the scrotum
Sperm production requires a lower____________. Temperature
What carries the sperm from the testes to the ductus deferens? Epididymis
The Epididymis carries ___________ from the testes to the ductus deferens. Sperm
The interstitial cell of the testes produce __________. Testosterone
Testosterone is produced by the _____________ of the testes. Interstitial cell
The sustentacular cells of the testes produce _________. Inhibin
The ___________ cells of the testes produce inhibin. Sustentacular
From the epididymis, what ducts carry sperm? Ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct, urethra
The ductus deferens, ejaculatory ducts, and the urethra carry sperm from the __________. Epididymis
From the ductus deferens, what ducts carry sperm? Ejaculatory duct, urethra
The ejaculatory duct, and the urethra carry sperm from the ____________. Ductus deferens
What male reproductive glands produce secretions to promote sperm mobility? Seminal vesicles. bulbourthral glands, and prostate gland.
What male reproductive gland surrounds the first inch of the urethra? Prostate gland
The prostate gland is the the male reproductive gland that surrounds the ________. First inch of the urethra
What is the male reproductive gland with smooth muscle that contributes to ejaculation? Prostate gland
The prostate gland contributes to __________. Ejaculation
The secretions of the male reproductive glands have an ___________ pH. Alkaline
The secretions of the male reproductive glands have an alkaline pH to counteract the acidic pH of the ____________. Female vagina
Semen has an _____________ pH. Alkaline
The female vagina has an __________ pH. Acidic
An erection occurs when the arteries in the penis ____________. Dilate
An erection occurs when the areries in the penis dilate, and the cavernous tissue _______. Fills with blood
Ejaculation of semen involves peristalsis of the __________ ducts. Reproductive
Ejacualtion of semen involves contraction of the ______________ gland. Prostate
What part of a sperm cell contains the chromosomes? Head
The head of the sperm cell contains ____________. Chromosomes
How many chromosomes does the sperm cell contain? 23
The sperm cell contains 23 ____________. Chromosomes
The sperm cell contains 23 chromosomes, and are found in the _________. Head
A sperm cell contains 23 chromosomes, which is a ___________ number. Haploid
What part of a sperm cell contains enzymes to digest the membrane of the egg cell? Acrosome
Acrosome contains enzymes to ____________ the membrane of the egg cell. Digest
What part of the sperm cell provide motility? The flagellum
The flagellum is the part of the sperm cell that provides __________. Motility
What is the function of the flagellum of a sperm cell? Provides motility
Energy production for movement of sperm is provided by the _________ of the sperm cell. Mito-chondria
Mito-chondria of the sperm cell provides ____________ for movement of sperm. Energy production
The mito-chondria provide ________. ATP
Where are the ovaries located? In the pelvic cavity, lateral to the uterus
The ovaris are located in the ___________, lateral to the uterus. Pelvic cavity
What hormone does a developing ovarian follicle produce? Estrogen
A developing ovarian follicle produces the hormone estrogen when stimulates by _______. FSH
In the ovary, a mature follicle is called a ____________ follicle. Graafian
In the ovary, what what is a mature follicle called? Graafian follicle
When the graafian follicle ruptures it becomes the ___________. Corpus luteum
What hormones does the corpus luteum in an ovary produce? Estrogen, progesterone
Estrogen and progesterone are produced by the _________ in an ovary. Corpus luteum
The corpus luteum produces estrogen, and progesterone when stimulated by ________. LH
A fallopian tube extends from the _________. Ovary
A fallopian tube extends from the ovary laterally to the __________ medially. Uterus
A fallopian tube extends from the uterus ________. Medially
A fallopian tube extends from the uterus medially to the ovary _________. Laterally
The fimbriae of a fallopian tube enclose the _________. Ovary
An ovary is enclosed by the __________ of the fallopian tube. Fimbriae
What are the two tissues of a fallopian tube that propel the ovum toward the uterus? Smooth muscle, ciliated epithelium
What is the function of the cililated epithelium that lines a fallopian tube? Sweep the ovum toward the uterus
What is the function of the smooth muscle in the wall of the fallopian tube? Propel the ovum toward the uterus
The uterus is ___________to the urinary bladder. Superior
The uterus is superior to the urinary bladder and __________ to the ovaries. Medial
The cervix of the uterus open into the __________. Vagina
The lower most part of the uterus is the ________. Cervix
The exit of the uterus, for menstral flow, is the ________. Cervix
What is the upper most part of the uterus called? The fundus
The fallopian tubes enter the _______. Fundus
What is the layer of the uterine wall that contracts for delivery of an infant called? The myometrium
The myometrium of the uterus is made of ____________ tissue. Smooth muscle
The lining of the uterus is the ____________. Endometrium
The endometrium is the lining of the _________. Uterus
What hormones are directly necessary for the growth of blood vessels in the uterine lining? Estrogen and progesterone
The growth of the endometrium depends on what hormones? Estrogen and progesterone
What part of the uterus will become the maternal portion of the placenta? Endometrium
What part of the endometrium is lost in menstration? The functional layer
After lost in menstration, the functional layer of the endometrium is regenerated by? The basilar layer
The vagina is the birth canal for an infant at the end of __________. Gestation
The site of sperm deposition in women is in the _________. Vagina.
The vagina is _________ to the rectum. Anterior
The vagina is ________ to the urethra Posterior
The labia majora and minora cover the_________. Urethral and vaginal openings
The urethral and vaginal openings are covered by the ___________. Labia majora and minora
What are the female external genital organs collectively called. vulva
What female external genital structure has an important sensory function? The clitoris
What glands secrete mucus at the vaginal oriface? Bartholins glands
The perineum is the area between the _________ anteriorly. Mons pubis
The perineum is between the mons pubis anteriorly and the _________ posteriorly. Anus
What does the perinium refer to? The pelvic floor
What are the openings in the female perineum for? The urethra and vagina
In the mammary glands, milk is produced by the _____________. Aveolar glands
In the mammary glands, the lactiferous ducts all converge at the __________. Nipple
The secretory portions of the mammary glands are surrounded and cushioned by ____________. Adipose tissue
What hormone in the mammary gland stimulates milk production? Prolactin
Prolactin is the hormone in the mammary gland that stimulates ____________. Milk production
Prolactin is secteted by the _____________. Pituitary gland
The hormone that stimulates release of milk from the mammary glands is _____________. Oxytocin
The hormone that stimulates growth of the duct system of the mammary glands _____________. Estrogen
The hormone that stimulates growth of the secretory calls of the mammary glands is _____. Progesterone
The average menstrual cycle is approximately how long? 28 days
The menstrual cycle requires FSH and LH from the ___________. Anterior pituitary gland
The menstrual cycle requires estrogen and progesterone from the _________. Ovary
In the menstral cycle, when does the ovum mature? During the follicular phase
In the menstral cycle, the __________ matures during the follicular phase. Ovum
In the menstral cycle, the corpus luteum develops during the ___________ phase. Luteal
In the menstral cycle, ovulation is stimulated by what hormone. LH
Created by: laceychapman