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CDC 1-2

Intergumentary System

QuestionAnswer
_____ is the outermost layer of the epidermis, and contains mostly dead cells. Stratum corneum
_____ is the second layer of epidermis, which is beneath the stratum corneum. It contains only three to five layers of cells Stratum granulosum
_____ is the third layer of epidermis contains many layers of cells Stratum spinosum
_____ is the fourth and deepest layer of the epidermis, also referred to as the “basal cell layer.” Stratum basale
The _____ is composed of connective tissue. This layer provides toughness and elasticity to the skin. dermis
This layer consists mainly of connective and adipose (fatty) tissue. The major blood vessels that support the integumentary system are located in the _____ layer. subcutaneous
The skin has additional features called _____. The four appendages are the hair follicles, nails, sweat glands and sebaceous glands. appendages
The nail grows outward from the white area at the base called the _____. lunula
______ are located throughout the integumentary system; however, they are most prominent in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Sweat glands
Two main types of sweat glands can be found in the system— ______ and ______ apocrine glands and eccrine glands
______ are usually connected to hair follicles and are stimulated by emotional stress. ______ normally do not begin to function until a person becomes sexually mature at puberty. Apocrine glands
These types of sweat glands are also referred to as _____, as they typically produce an odor. scent glands
_____ are not connected to hair follicles. These glands extend to the outer skin surface through small openings in the epidermis called pores. Eccrine glands
______ are stimulated by an elevation in body temperature and are most prominent on the back, neck and forehead. Eccrine glands
These glands secrete an oily substance called sebum directly into the hair follicles. The sebum keeps the hair and skin surface soft and virtually waterproof. Sebaceous glands
The deepest layer of the epidermis contains cells known as _______ which produce a substance called "melanin". melanocytes
Created by: jhey33