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A&P II Cardiovascular chp 11

Blood returning to the heart is called __________. venous blood
Blood traveling away from the heart is called __________. arterial blood
The main covering of the heart is called the __________. pericardium
What are the anatomical terms for the layers of the heart? Pericardium, myocardium, endocardium
What are the four chambers of the heart called? right and left atria; right and left ventricles
What is the function of the atria? receive blood from the veins
What is the function of the ventricles? forcefully pump blood out of the heart
What are the names of the four heart valves? tricuspid, bicuspid (Mitral), pulmonary, aortic
What are the two phases of the heart sounds? systole, diastole
What are the the three main components of blood? WBC, RBC and platelets
What is the name of a localized abnomral dilation of a blood vessel, usually an artery? cardiac aneurysm
What is the term for the heart stopping beating suddenly and unexpectedly due to a malfunction of the heart's electrical system? cardiac arrest
________ is the inability of the heart to maintain a steady rhythm. arrhythmia
This condition is any disease of the heart muscle that diminished its function. cardiomyopathy
The most common signs and symptoms of this disease of the heart are SOB, tiredness and swelling on the ankles and feet. heart failure
A type of cardiac arrhythma that is characterized by spontaneous muscle contractions. fibrillation
High BP is also called _______. hypertension
ICD stands for ___________. implantable cardioverter defibrillator
Another term for heart attack is ______. myocardial infarction
What is a thin, flexible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to thread through a vein or artery? catheter
Hardening of the arteries is called ______. arteriosclerosis
This cardiac procedure can be done for investigational and interventional procedures and collects information about the heart. catheterization
What diagnostic test shows the electrical response of the heart? ECG/EKG
A/An _______ is a radiography of a vein after the injection of contrast material. venography
The puncture of a vein by a needle attached to a syringe or catheter is called a/an _________. venipuncture
What does the Lipid panel test include? HDL, LDL trigylcerides, total cholesterol
What procedure do physicians use to treat mitral valve stenosis? valvotomy
What are the major components of the cardiovascular system? heart, blood and blood vessels
An excessive amount of lipids in the blood is called _______. hyperlipidemia
A slender, threadlike device that is used to hold open vessels, tubes or obstructed artery is called a ______. cardiac stent
This procedure is most commonly used to treat varicose veins. laser ablation
This device is implanted in the chest to monitor and correct periods of rapid heartbeat. holter monitor
What is the function of the arteries? takes blood away from the heart
What is the function of the capillaries? exchanges nutrients, gases and waste products and blood begins its trip back to the heart
What is the function of the veins? brings blood back to the heart
The pacemaker of the heart is called the _______. SA (sinoatrial node)
__________ therapy is accomplished by injecting drugs into the bloodstream to dissolve clots. thrombolytic
This procedure is characterized by the physician threading a thin, flexible catheter into a vessel with a balloon attached to open an occlusion. angioplasty
Name the four chambers of the heart. left and right atria, right and left ventricles
Name the four heart valves. tricuspid, mitral, pulmonary and aortic
A __________________ is the inability of the heart to maintain a steady rhythm. cardiac arrhythmia
What are the two phases of the heartbeat? diastole and systole
A type of cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by the heart exhibiting irregular contractions is called ________________. fibrillation
This congenital defect of the heart is characterized by small holes in the septa between the atria or the ventricles. septal defects
This congenital malformation of the heart involves four distinct defects. tetralogy of Fallot
Hardening or plaque filled arteries is called ____________________. atherosclerosis
This disease is a result of atherosclerosis in the arteries of the heart. coronary artery disease
When the mitral valve does not close properly it is referred to as ____________________. mitral valve prolapse
The abnormal widening or dilation of an artery is called a ____________________. cardiac aneurysm
When blood flow has decreased or stopped to the heart leading to necrosis of a part of the myocardium is called a _______________. myocardial infarction
This procedure is characterized by the physician inserting a thin, flexible tube into the heart via a vein or artery. cardiac catheterization
This diagnostic test is used to record the electricity flowing through the heart. electrocardiography (ECG)
This monitoring device is worn for a 24-hour period to detect cardiac arrhythmias. holter monitor
This procedure is performed to detour around blood vessels that have become blocked. coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AMI acute myocardial infarction
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
CHF congestive heart failure
DVT deep vein thrombosis
SOB shortness of breath
VT ventricular tachycardia
Created by: YTIMBC



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