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FLAVIN MED1010 ch 4


Anatomy Structure
Physiology Function
Homeostasis Refers to the balance in the body
The body is made up of the smallest ? atom
Atoms make up... molecules
Molecules make up ... cells
Cells make up ... tissues
Tissues make up ... organs
Organs make up ... systems
There are 11 systems Hint- M U R D E R I N C S L
Superior Above
Inferior Below
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Proximal & Distal refer to the attachment to the trunk which helps describe the body
abdomin/o abdomen
anter/o front
brachi/o arm
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
cran/o, crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
dist/o distant
dors/o back
femor/o thigh
gastr/o stomach
glute/o buttock
hom/o, home/o same
ili/o hip, groin
infer/o below
lumb/o loin or lower back
medi/o middle
oran/o tool
pelv/o bowl
physi/o nature
back poster/o
proxim/o near
superi/o above
thorac/o chest, thorax
tom/o to cut
umbilic/o navel
ventr/o belly
brachial region pertaining to the arm region
cephalic region pertaining to the head
cervical region pertaining to the neck
femoral region pertaining to the thigh
gastric region pertaining to the abdominal region
gluteal region pertaining to the buttock
pertaining to specific area of below belly hypogastric region
pertaining to the groin inguinal region
thoracic region pertaining to the chest or thorax
pertaining to the abdomen that contains the naval umbilical region
caudal pertaining to the tail
cephalic pertaining to the head
dorsal pertaining to the back
ventral pertaining to the belly
distal away from the origin of attachment to the trunk
proximal toward the origin of attachment to the trunk
deep away from surface
superficial external, toward the body surface
lateral toward the side
pain unpleasant sensory & emotion experience associated w/ tissue damage
sensation feeling or mental experience perceiving any stimuli
sign finding that can be discovered by an objective examination
symptom experiences of the pt resulting from a disease
acute short duration of disease
chronic disease lasting a long duration
disease conditon of instability/ homeostasis upset
idiopathic disease of unknown cause
infection parasitic organisms in body such as bacteria, viruses, & fungi
trauma a physical injury
appendage head, arms, & legs
diaphragm sheet of muscle separating thoracic & abdominal cavity
viscera internal contents of body cavities, including organs, fluid, and connecting structures
prognosis forecast of probable cause or outcome of a disease
pathology study of disease
pathologist one who studies disease
etiology study of the causes of disease
determination of the nature of a disease diagnosis
Created by: Iteach4Docs
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