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2011 final

Meda 137

Negative and positive contrast medium A positive contrast medium absorbs x-rays more strongly,a negative contrast medium, less strongly. positive shows white,(Barium) neg shows black (air, gas, CO2)
What is the normal Protein reading of a urine sample ZERO is normal (negative?)
What is Mammography The radiographic examination of the breast
Anteroposterior(AP)view the x-rays are directed from the front towards the back of the body,the posterior aspect facing the film
What is the type of specimen necessary for a mono Test Blood specimen; capillary or venipuncture
Which cholesterol in the good cholesterol HDL
What is polyuria Lots of urine
What is dysuria painful urination
How do you set up and operate a centrifuge Balance it first, insert spacers if needed, close and lock lid, set timer and turn on
What is FBS 12 hr fasting, then a blood draw, nothing to eat or drink except water
What is a 2 hr pp tests Eat a prescribed meal, or drink , and have the blood taken exactly two hours later
When is a Ziehl Neilsen stain Used for acid-fast bacilla, after gram stains are neither pos or neg - for TB
Why is antibiotic sensitivity testing performed? To determine the best antibiotic for treatment
What is the purpose of a lab report and a requisition To report the test results, and to order tests(on the requisition)
What does ABN mean Advanced Beneficiary Notice
How does hemolysis make the serum or plasma appear read is the rupturing of erythrocytes (red blood cells) and the release of their contents (hemoglobin) into surrounding fluid
What tests might you find in a lipid panel total cholesterol, LDL chol, HDL chol, Triglycerides, total chol/HDL ratio
What is the function of the bladder To hold urine
If you are type A blood what is present on the cells and plasma Type A blood cells have A antigens on the cells and B antibodies in the plasma
Which blood cell antigen is so important when a woman is pregnant RH & ABO
Why is a PKU test done To test for the presence of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxide which is necessary to digest protein
What is a heterophile test A MONO Test
What is serology/immunology Immunology is the study of the body’s immune system and its functions and disorders. Serology is the study of blood serum (the clear fluid that separates when blood clots)
What is a depression slide used for for a wet mount, when material must be living when examined
What type of specimen is used to look for a trichomonas infection vaginal discharge
How might you describe squamous epithelial cells Large, clear, flat and irregular shaped
What is the normal Specific Gravity of urine 1.005-1.030
What are the other names for the occult blood test Guaiac slide Test
If you are type B blood, what are on the cells and in the plasma You would have B antigens on the blood cells and A antibodies in the plasma
If you have AB blood what are on the cells and in the plasma You would have both A and B antigens on the blood cells and no A or B antibodies in the plasma
If you are blood type 0 what are on the blood cells and in the plasma You would have neither A or B antigens on your blood cells, but you would have both A and B antibodies in your plasma
Which blood cell antigens are so important when a woman is pregnant Rh antigen
When might a C Diff test be ordered To look for the C. difficile bacteria that causes diarrhea abdominal pain, fever, and/or nausea during or following a course of antibiotics
What can a fasting patient eat or drink Only water
When is a PAP smear done Not during Mensies, preferably 10-20 days after the last onset of your period, yearly
What do most HIV positive patients eventually develop AIDS
What anticoagulant is present in the lavender tube EDTA
What anticoagulant is present in the green top tube Heparin
What anticoagulant is present in the gray tube Sodium flouride
What anticoagulant is present in the light blue tube Sodium citrate
What is arteriosclerosis A build up of fibrous plaques of fatty deposits and cholesterol on the inner walls of the coronary arteries
How many millilters of blood is normally lost in the stool each day? 5cc or 5 millilters
Why are occult bloods test done To screen for colon cancer
What is ultrasound High frequency sound waves
What test might be present in an electrolyte panel Co2, CL, K, NA
How should a sputum sample be collected It can be expelled by coughing and then being spit out.
Is Hepatitis A a blood born pathogen No, It is generally transmitted through a fecal-oral route
What does PSA stand for Prostrate Specific Antigen
What causes strep throat streptococcal (strep) bacteria
What Methodology does a MRI use An MRI machine uses a powerful magnetic field
Who assigns the diagnosis for laboratory testing The Dr. only
What is specific gravity measuring The weight of the urine compared with the weight of an equal volume of distilled water, indicates the amount of dissolved substances present in the urine
Polyuria Excessive increase in urine output
Oliguria Decrease in urine output
Anuria Failure of the kidneys to priduce urine
Diuresis secretion and passage of increased amounts of urine
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination
Enuresis Involuntary urination
Hematuria Blood in the urine
Nocturia Excessive night time urination
Pyuria Pus in the urine
Rentention Incomplete emptying of the bladder
Urgency Immediate need to urinate
Incontinence Inability to retain urine (involuntary urination)
What is the normal PH of a urine sample 7.0, but it can range from 4.6-8.0
What is the normal Glucose reading of a urine sample ZERO is normal (negative)
Posteroanterior (PA)view The x-rays are directed from the back toward the front of the body, the anterior aspect is facing the film
How do you read a spun microhematocrit? adjust the tube so that the bottom of the red blood cells are on the 0 line. Read the results at the top of the packed red cells.
Are nitrites always present in a urine specimen NO, only if there is bacteria present.
What is an Analyte a substance or chemical constituent that is determined in an analytical procedure
How is a 3 hr Glucose Tolerance test done A zero time (baseline) blood sample is drawn.The pt is then given a measured dose of glucose to drink within a 5 minute time frame.Blood is drawn at intervals for measurement of blood sugar and sometimes insulin levels for a total of 3hrs every half hour
BG Blood Glucose
Bx Biopsy
CBC Complete Blood Count
C&S Culture and sensitivity
diff differential
ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
FBS Fasting Blood Sugar
GCT Glucose Challenge Test
GTT Glucose Tolerance Test
Hct Hematocrit
Hgb Hemoglobin
PSA Prostate-specific antigen
RBC Red Blood Count
RBS Random blood sugar
SG Specific gravity
Trig triglycerides
UA urinalysis
U/C urine culture
WBC White Blood Count
"normal" results for dipstick portion of Urinalysis are: leukocytes neg, Nitrite neg, Urobilinogen normal 1.2, Protein neg, pH 7.0, Blood neg, Spec Grav 1.005-1.030, Keytones neg, Biliruben neg, Glucose neg
what tests might hemolysis affect? K (potassium), Mg (magnesium) and Fe (iron)
Are clinical chemistry tests generally done on cells or the liquid portion of the blood? fluid/liquid
Created by: kimmykoolbeans