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Brady Cpt 13

Brady 10th Terms

A pathologic condition that results from the accumulation of acids in the body. acidosis
Abnormal breath sounds such as wheezes, rhonchi, and rales. adventitious breath sounds
The buildup of excess base (lack of acids) in the body fluids. alkalosis
A substance that causes an allergic reaction. allergen
An extreme, life-threatening systemic allergic reaction that may include shock and respiratory failure. anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock)
An acute spasm of the smaller air passages, called bronchioles, associated with excessive mucus production and with swelling of the mucous lining of the respiratory passages. asthma
Collapse of the alveolar air spaces of the lungs. atelectasis
Normal breath sounds made by air moving through the bronchi. bronchial breath sounds
Inflammation of the bronchioles that usually occurs in children younger than 2 years and is often caused by the respiratory syncytial virus. bronchiolitis
An acute or chronic inflammation of the lung that may damage lung tissue; usually associated with cough and production of sputum and, depending on its cause, sometimes fever. bronchitis
A condition characterized by a chronically high blood level of carbon dioxide in which the respiratory center no longer responds to high blood levels of carbon dioxide. carbon dioxide retention
An odorless, highly poisonous gas that results from incomplete oxidation of carbon in combustion. carbon monoxide
Irritation of the major lung passageways from infectious disease or irritants such as smoke. chronic bronchitis
A slow process of dilation and disruption of the airways and alveoli caused by chronic bronchial obstruction. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
A viral infection usually associated with swollen nasal mucous membranes and the production of fluid from the sinuses and nose. common cold
An inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory system that may cause a partial airway obstruction and is characterized by a barking cough; usually seen in children. croup
An infectious disease in which a membrane forms, lining the pharynx; this lining can severely obstruct the passage of air into the larynx. diphtheria
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. dyspnea
A blood clot or other substance in the circulatory system that travels to a blood vessel where it causes a blockage. embolus
A disease of the lungs in which there is extreme dilation and eventual destruction of the pulmonary alveoli with poor exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide; it is one form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. emphysema
Occurs when new cases of a disease occur in a human population and substantially exceed what is "expected," based on recent experience. epidemic
A disease in which the epiglottis becomes inflamed and enlarged and may cause an upper airway obstruction. epiglottitis
An allergic response usually to outdoor airborne allergens such as pollen or sometimes indoor allergens such as dust mites or pet dander; also called allergic rhinitis. hay fever
Rapid or deep breathing that lowers the blood carbon dioxide level below normal. hyperventilation
This syndrome occurs in the absence of other physical problems. The respirations of a person who is experiencing hyperventilation syndrome may be as high as 40 shallow breaths/min or as low as only 20 very deep breaths/min. hyperventilation syndrome (panic attack)
A dangerous condition in which the body tissues and cells do not have enough oxygen. hypoxia
A "backup system" to control respiration; senses drops in the oxygen level in the blood. hypoxic drive
A Virus that has crossed the animal/human barrier and has infected humans, recently reaching a pandemic level with the H1N1 strain. influenza type
An inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord; can be highly contagious. meningococcal meningitis
A miniature spray canister used to direct medications through the mouth and into the lungs. metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
A bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body and is often resistant to commonly used antibiotics; can be found on the skin, in surgical wounds, in the bloodstream, lungs, and urinary tract. methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
The process of delivering oxygen to the blood by diffusion from the alveoli following inhalation into the lungs. oxygenation
An outbreak that occurs on a global scale. pandemic
An airborne bacterial infection that affects mostly children younger than 6 years. Patients will be feverish and exhibit a "whoop" sound on inspiration after a coughing attack; highly contagious through droplet infection. pertussis (whooping cough)
A collection of fluid between the lung and chest wall that may compress the lung. pleural effusion
Sharp, stabbing pain in the chest that is worsened by a deep breath or other chest wall movement; often caused by inflammation or irritation of the pleura. pleuritic chest pain
An inflammation/infection of the lung from a bacterial, viral, or fungal cause. pneumonia
Inflammation of the lung. pneumonitis
A partial or complete accumulation of air in the pleural space. pneumothorax
A buildup of fluid in the lungs, usually as a result of congestive heart failure. pulmonary edema
A blood clot that breaks off from a large vein and travels to the blood vessels of the lung, causing obstruction of blood flow. pulmonary embolism
A crackling, rattling breath sound that signals fluid in the air spaces of the lungs; also called crackles. rales
The process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide. respiration
A virus that causes an infection of the lungs and breathing passages; can lead to other serious illnesses that affect the lungs or heart, such as bronchiolitis and pneumonia. RSV is highly contagious and spread through droplets. respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Coarse, low-pitched breath sounds heard in patients with chronic mucus in the upper airways. rhonchi
Potentially life-threatening viral infection that usually starts with flulike symptoms. severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A respiratory device that holds liquid medicine that is turned into a fine mist. The patient inhales the medication into the airways and lungs as a treatment for conditions like asthma. small-volume nebulizer
A high-pitched noise heard primarily on inspiration. stridor
A chronic bacterial disease, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, that usually affects the lungs but can also affect other organs such as the brain and kidneys. tuberculosis (TB)
Normal breath sounds made by air moving in and out of the alveoli. vesicular breath sounds
The production of whistling sounds during expiration such as occurs in asthma and bronchiolitis. wheezing
Created by: fishanater