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A&P II Respiratory chp 12

The process of gas exchange where oxygen is added to the blood and carbon dioxide is removed is called ____________________. respiration
exchange of air at the lungs external respiration
exchange of gases at the cells within all organs of the body internal respiration
what does one complete respiration consist of inhalation(inspiration) & exhalation(expiration)
each lung is covered by a double-folded membrane called the _________________ pleura
What is the name of the gaseous waste in the respiratory system? carbon dioxide
What is the main muscle utlized for breathing? diaphragm
A removal of the entire lobe of the lung is called a _____________________. lobectomy
removal of an entire lung pneumonectomy
removal of a small, localized area of diseased tissue near the surface of the lung wedge resection
This diagnostic term refers to listening to sounds within the body. auscultation
tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure percussion
This diagnostic term refers to a loud, rumbling sound. rhonchus
material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat sputum
This diagnostic term refers to a strained, high-pitched, relatively loud sound made on inspiration. stridor
continuous high-pictched whistling sound heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration wheeze
acute viral infection in infants & children; characterized by obstruction of the larynx, barking cough, & stridor croup
nosebleed epistaxis
______________ is a chronic inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction. asthma
chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection in the lower lobes of the lung bronchiectasis
The general term used to describe a lung disease in which the airways become obstructed. COPD
inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions that do not drain normally cystic fibrosis
The incomplete expansion of the alveoli, causing a collapsed, functionless, airless lung is called ___________________. atelectasis
This disease is characterized by the hyperinflation of the air sacs with subsequent destruction of the alveolar walls. emphysema
acute inflammation & infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction pneumonia
An inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes that is due to foreign material getting into the lung is called __________________________. aspiration pneumonia
a large collection of pus in the lungs pulmonary abscess
A condition whereby fluid accumulates in the lungs is called ___________________. pulmonary edema
A blood clot in the lung is known as a/an _____________. pulmonary embolism
Formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs is called _________________. pulmonary fibrosis
This chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause presents with small nodules or tubercles in the lungs, lymph nodes and other organs. sarcoidosis
This is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a rod-shaped bacilli. tuberculosis
An accumulation of fluid in the pleural space is called ___________. pleural effusion
inflammation of the pleura pleurisy
A ___________________ is the collection of air in the pleural space. pneumothorax
x-ray images are obtained after radiopaque contrast is injected into the pulmonary artery pulmonary angiography/arteriography
__________________ is defined as the lung receiving adequate air flow. ventilation
____________________ is defined as the lung receiving adequate blood flow. perfusion
A fiberoptic or rigid endoscope that is inserted into the bronchial tubes for diagnosis, biopsy or the collection of sepcimens is called a _____________________. bronchoscopy
The placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway is called a __________________. endotracheal intubation
visual examination of the voice box laryngoscopy
tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lung pulmonary function tests
measures the volume and rate of air passing in and out of the lung spirometer
The surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space is called a ___________________. thoracentesis
A major surgical incision into the chest is called a _____________________. thoracotomy
visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope thoracoscopy/thorascopy
The procedure whereby an opening is created in the trachea is called a ___________________. tracheostomy
determines past or present tb infection based on a positive skin reaction tuberculin test
ABGs arterial blood gases
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
BAL bronchioalveolar lavage
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CXR chest x-ray
DPT diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
LLL left lower lobe
LUL left upper lobe
PE pulmonary embolism
PFTs pulmonary function tests
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
RUL right upper lobe
RLL right lower lobe
SOB shortness of breath
V/Q scan ventilation-perfusion scan
adenoid/o adenoids
alveol/o alveolus, air sac
bronch/o, bronchi/o bronchial tube, bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole, small bronchus
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
lob/o lobe of the lung
mediastin/o mediastinum
nas/o nose
orth/o straight, upright
ox/o oxygen
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx
phon/o voice
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o, pneumon/o air, lung
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus, cavity
spir/o breathing
tel/o complete
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea
-ema condition
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-sphyxia pulse
-thorax pleural cavity, chest
a fiberoptic bronchioscope is passed through the mouth or nose, into the lung & fluid is put into a small part of the lung & then recollected for examination BAL
Created by: YTIMBC