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SHHS PDHPE 11 joints

Synovial Joints

Ligamets 1 1. Are well-defined fibrous bands that connect articulating bones.
Ligaments 2 2. They are designed to assist the joint capsule to maintain stability in the joint by restraining excessive movement and controlling the degree and direction of movement
Ligaments 3 3. They are relatively inelastic structures that become permanently lengthened when stretched excessively. This leads to joint instability.
Tendons 1 1. Are tough, inelastic cords of tissue that attach muscle to bone.
Tendons 2 2. Joints are further strengthened when thsese structures extend across the joints.
Synovial Fluid 1 1. Acts as a lubricant keeping the joint well oiled and moving surfaces apart. Forms a cushion between joint surfaces.
Synovial Fluid 2 2. Provides nutrition for cartilage and carries away waste products.
Hyaline Cartilage 1 1. It covers surfaces of the bones with a layer of smooth, shiny substance that allows the bones to move freely over each other.
Hyaline Cartilage 2 2. Has a limited blood supply but receives nourishment from the synovial fluid. It is thicker in the leg joints where there is greater weight bearing
Created by: lisagass



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