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Testis the male primary sex organ that produces sperm
Scrotum the external sac enclosing the testes
Prostate Gland single gland about the size and shape of a chestnut. plays a role in activating sperm
Gamete male or female sex cell
Zygote the fertilized ovum; produced by union of two gametes
Gonad organs producing gametes; ovaries or testes
Seminiferous Tubule highly convoluted tubes within the testes that form sperm
Germ Cell the egg and the sperm; the reproductive cells
Sustentacular Cell One of the supporting cells of an epithelial membrane or tissue
Spermatic Cord encloses the vas deferens, blood vessels and nerves
Epididymis that portion of the male duct system in which sperm mature. empties into the ductus, or vas deferens
Seminal Vesicles produce 60% of the fluid volume of semen. located at the base of the bladder
Trabecula a supporting or anchoring strand of connective tissue
Spermatogenesis the process of sperm production in the male; involves meiosis
Semen fluid mixture produced by male reproductive structures; contains sperm, nutrients, and mucus
Ovary the female sex organ in which ova are produced
Uterus “womb”; a hollow organ that functions to recieve, retain, and nourish a fertilized egg.
Vagina thin walled tube that lies between the bladder and rectum. often called the birth canal
Vulva female external genitalia
FSH stimulates a small number of primary follicles to grow and mature. released by the pituitary gland at puberty.
LH A female hormone that regulates ovulation and menstruation
Follicle structure in an ovary consisting of a developing egg surrounded by follicle cells
Uterine Tube the oviduct. the tube through which the ovum is transported to the uterus; also called fallopian tube
Cervix of Uterus the inferior neck-like portion of the uterus leading to the vagina
Menopause the physiological end of menstrual cycles
Oogenesis the process of formation of the ova
Ovulation the release of an ovum from the ovary
Gestation The period of fetal development from conception until birth; pregnancy
Dilation to stretch , to open, to expand
Effacement The thinning out of the cervix that normally occurs along with dilation shortly before delivery
Colostrum The first milk secreted at the time of parturition; contains more lactalbumin and lactoprotein; rich in antibodies that confer passive immunity to the newborn; Also called foremilk
Vas deferens A tube that is a continuation of the epididymis. This tube transports sperm from the testis to the ejaculatory duct
Created by: Tessa Elise



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