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Reproductive Voc

QuestionAnswer
Testis the male primary sex organ that produces sperm
Scrotum the external sac enclosing the testes
Prostate Gland A gland in male mammals surrounding the urethra at the base of the bladder that controls release of urine from the bladder and secretes a fluid which is a major constituent of semen
Gamete male or female sex cell (sperm/egg)
Zygote the fertilized ovum; produced by union of two gametes
Gonad organs produced by the anterior pituitary
Seminiferous Tubule highly convoluted tubes within the testes that form sperm
Germ Cell An ovum or a sperm cell or one of its developmental precursors
Sustentacular Cell One of the supporting cells of an epithelial membrane or tissue
Spermatic Cord A cordlike structure, consisting of the vas deferens and its accompanying arteries, veins, nerves, and lymphatic vessels, that passes from the abdominal cavity through the inguinal canal down into the scrotum to the back of the testicle
Epididymis that portion of the male duct system in which sperm mature. Empties into the ductus or vas, deferens
Seminal Vesicles Either of a pair of pouchlike glands situated on each side of the male urinary bladder that secrete seminal fluid and nourish and promote the movement of spermatozoa through the urethra
Trabecula Any of the supporting strands of connective tissue projecting into an organ and constituting part of the framework of that organ
Spermatogenesis the process of sperm production in the male; involves meiosis
Semen fluid mixture produced by male reproductive structures; contains sperm, nutrients and mucus.
Ovary the female sex organ in which ova(eggs) are produced
Uterus A hollow muscular organ located in the pelvic cavity of female mammals in which the fertilized egg implants and develops. Also called womb
Vagina The passage leading from the opening of the vulva to the cervix of the uterus in female mammals.
Vulva female external genitalia
FSH a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary that stimulates ovarian follicle production in females and sperm production in males
LH an anterior pituitary hormone that aids maturation of cells in the ovary and triggers ovulation. Also causes the interstitial cells of the testis to produce testosterone
Follicle structure in an ovary consisting of a developing egg surrounded by follicle cells
Uterine Tube the oviduct. The tube through which the ovum is transported to the uterus; also called fallopian tube.
Cervix of Uterus the inferior necklike portion of the uterus leading to the vagina
Menopause the physiological end of menstrual cycles
Oogenesis the process of formation of the ova
Ovulation the release of an ovum from the ovary
Gestation The period of development in the uterus from conception until birth; pregnancy
Dilation The condition of being abnormally enlarged or dilated, as of an organ, orifice, or tubular
Effacement The thinning out of the cervix that normally occurs along with dilation shortly before delivery
Colostrum The thin yellowish fluid secreted by the mammary glands at the time of parturition that is rich in antibodies and minerals, and precedes the production of true milk. Also called foremilk
Vas deferens The tube connecting the testes with the urethra. The vas deferens is a coiled duct that conveys sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct and the urethra.
Created by: MeghanD