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CDC I-2.1.0

Specific Body Movements

QuestionAnswer
A joint motion whereby a part moves or turns about its longitudinal axis. Turning the head from side to side. Rotation
A movement whereby the distal end of a part makes a circle while the proximal portion of the part remains relatively stationary. Making circles with the entire arm while it is stretched out. Circumduction
The movement that rotates the forearm outward so that the palm of the hand faces forward. Rotating the palms forward while the arms are hanging loosely at the side. Supination
The movement that rotates the forearm inward, causing the back of the hand to face forward. Rotating the palms toward the back of the body while the arms are hanging loosely at the side. Pronation
A motion described when adjacent body parts approach each other, thereby decreasing the angle between them. More simply stated, flexion is the act of folding, bending or withdrawing a body part. Flexion
A special type of flexion used to describe ankle and foot movement where the top (dorsal) surface of the foot moves closer to the leg, causing the angle between the anterior surface of the leg and the foot to decrease. Dorsiflexion
Another type of flexion used to describe ankle/foot movement. The bottom (plantar) surface of the foot moves away from the leg, causing the angle between the anterior surface of the leg and the foot to increase. Plantar flexion Pointing the toes away from the face.
A movement, which increases the angle between two adjacent, body parts. Refers to a movement that causes the parts of an extremity to line up in a straight manner. Extension Standing with the arms facing outward or forward, then bringing them straight to the side (the position of attention).
A type of extension where a body part is extended or stretched beyond its normal anatomical position Hyper extension Standing in the normal anatomical position, then moving the head backward (as if looking up in the sky). Holding the forearm outward, then bringing the top of the hand closer to the forearm.
Movement of a body part away from the midline or medial plane of the body. Raising an arm from the side to shoulder level. Abduction
Movement of a body part toward the midline or medial plane of the body. Bringing the arm from shoulder level back to the side. Adduction
A special term used to describe the movement that turns the bottom of the foot inward. Turning the soles of the feet toward each other. Inversion
A special term used to describe the movement that turns the bottom of the foot outward.Turning the soles of the feet away from each other. Eversion
Movement of a body part forward, away from the middle of the body. Jutting the jaw forward. Protraction
Movement of a body part backwards or inwards, closer to the middle of the body.Bringing the jaw back to its normal position. Retraction
Created by: jhey33